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This is a clinical trial of propofol, alfentanil, and nitrous oxide as agents for moderated procedural sedation in patients undergoing sedation in the emergency department (ED).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Propofol, Alfentanil, Nitrous Oxide
Hennepin County Medical Center
Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:12:26-0400
This is a randomized clinical trial of deep procedural sedation with propofol with and without supplemental alfentanil. Patients will be assessed for total and fractionated serum catechol...
The use of nitrous oxide as a sedative agent is very common in pediatric dentistry. In concentrations up to 50% it is considered as mild sedation and it is very safe. Despite its safety an...
The purpose of the study is to determine the analgetic effect of nitrous oxide during colonoscopy, compared to no sedation and intravenous (IV) sedation.
The main objective of the study is to analyze the influence of nitrous oxide on propofol and remifentanil requirements.
This study is a multi-site, double-blinded, randomized, non-inferiority clinical trial of inhaled nitrous oxide with oxygen (N2O/O2) versus intravenous (IV) sedation, with fentanyl and mid...
Sedation with propofol is frequently used to facilitate diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Propofol can be administrated by the patient (patient-controlled sedation [PCS]) or by a clinician (clini...
We aimed to examine if changes in oxygen saturation and pulse rate of pediatric patients during conscious sedation with midazolam and nitrous oxide are associated with child's behavior, midazolam dose...
The study is to compare the efficacy and safety of propofol with traditional sedation agents for sedation during colonoscopy.
Nitrous oxide, a cryogenic gas, may be abused as an inhalant for its euphoric properties. If inhaled, nitrous oxide may cause frostbite to the oral cavity and upper aerodigestive tract, with possible ...
Sedation induces changes in electroencephalography (EEG) dynamics. However, the distinct EEG dynamic characteristics at comparable sedation levels have not been well studied, resulting in potential in...
Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
A neuropathy due to VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY or to excessive NITROUS OXIDE inhalation. It is associated with overproduction of the myelinolytic TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA.
Rare and often fatal drug complication which affects patients undergoing long-term treatment with high doses of PROPOFOL. It is characterized by METABOLIC ACIDOSIS; HYPERLIPIDEMIA; RHABDOMYOLYSIS; cardiovascular CIRCULATORY COLLAPSE; CARDIAC FAILURE; and KIDNEY FAILURE.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...