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Propofol Versus Alfentanil Versus Nitrous Oxide for Moderate Procedural Sedation

2014-07-23 21:12:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a clinical trial of propofol, alfentanil, and nitrous oxide as agents for moderated procedural sedation in patients undergoing sedation in the emergency department (ED).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Sedation

Intervention

Propofol, Alfentanil, Nitrous Oxide

Location

Hennepin County Medical Center
Minneapolis
Minnesota
United States
55415

Status

Recruiting

Source

Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:12:26-0400

Clinical Trials [818 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Stress During Deep Sedation With Propofol With and Without Alfentanil

This is a randomized clinical trial of deep procedural sedation with propofol with and without supplemental alfentanil. Patients will be assessed for total and fractionated serum catechol...

High-Concentration Nitrous Oxide for Dental Procedural Sedation in Children

The use of nitrous oxide as a sedative agent is very common in pediatric dentistry. In concentrations up to 50% it is considered as mild sedation and it is very safe. Despite its safety an...

Nitrous Oxide for Analgesia During Colonoscopy

The purpose of the study is to determine the analgetic effect of nitrous oxide during colonoscopy, compared to no sedation and intravenous (IV) sedation.

Effect of Nitrous Oxide on Intravenous Closed-loop Anesthesia

The main objective of the study is to analyze the influence of nitrous oxide on propofol and remifentanil requirements.

Nitrous Oxide Versus Intravenous Sedation for Anesthesia

This study is a multi-site, double-blinded, randomized, non-inferiority clinical trial of inhaled nitrous oxide with oxygen (N2O/O2) versus intravenous (IV) sedation, with fentanyl and mid...

PubMed Articles [2738 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of propofol combined with opioids on cough reflex suppression in gastroscopy: study protocol for a double-blind randomized controlled trial.

The best methods for inducing analgesia and sedation for gastroscopy are still debated but finding an adequate regimen of sedation/analgesia is important. Stimulation of the larynx under sedation can ...

Safety of Monitored Anesthesia Care Using Propofol-Based Sedation for Pleuroscopy.

The optimal approach to sedation for pleuroscopy remains undefined. Propofol is the favored sedative-hypnotic for many proceduralists but has a narrow therapeutic window and the risk for oversedation ...

Sedation for magnetic resonance imaging using propofol with or without ketamine at induction in pediatrics-A prospective randomized double-blinded study.

Deep sedation using propofol has become a standard technique in children. This double-blinded randomized clinical trial aims to compare the clinical effects of propofol-mono-sedation vs a combination ...

Protocol for a double blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial using ondansetron to reduce vomiting in children receiving intranasal fentanyl and inhaled nitrous oxide for procedural sedation in the emergency department (the FON trial).

Intranasal fentanyl and nitrous oxide (NO) can be combined to create a non-parenteral procedural sedation regimen for children in the paediatric emergency department. This combination of intranasal fe...

Women awaken faster than men after electroencephalogram-monitored propofol sedation for colonoscopy: A prospective observational study.

Sedation for colonoscopy using intravenous propofol has become standard in many Western countries.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.

A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.

An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.

A neuropathy due to VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY or to excessive NITROUS OXIDE inhalation. It is associated with overproduction of the myelinolytic TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA.

Rare and often fatal drug complication which affects patients undergoing long-term treatment with high doses of PROPOFOL. It is characterized by METABOLIC ACIDOSIS; HYPERLIPIDEMIA; RHABDOMYOLYSIS; cardiovascular CIRCULATORY COLLAPSE; CARDIAC FAILURE; and KIDNEY FAILURE.

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