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Vitamin D Supplementation Requirement in Obese Subjects

2014-08-27 03:18:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Vitamin D deficiency is common in obese patients. Most of vitamin D supplementation studies were done with non-obese subjects. This study looks at vitamin D supplementation requirements in obese patients as compared to non-obese subjects. This study also looks at changes in vitamin D level in obese patients undergoing medical weight loss. It is thought that obese patients have vitamin D deficiency through storage of vitamin D in the fat compartment not readily available for blood measurement. The investigators' hypothesis is that with medical weight loss vitamin D levels will increase in obese subjects.

Description

We intend to study changes in serum 25(OH)D level with calorie restricted weight loss in obese subjects. This will be a double dummy, placebo controlled randomized trial. Subjects whose serum 25(OH)D level is below 80 nmol/L will be assigned randomly to either the vitamin D supplemented or the placebo group. Those who are assigned to the placebo group will be weighed on a weekly basis and serum 25(OH)D level will be followed every 8 weeks for a minimum of 16 weeks and extended to the duration of weight loss along with serum calcium level. Changes in serum 25(OH)D level will be obtained with weight loss through restricted caloric intake.

To study the 25(OH)D dose-response curve with vitamin D supplementation in obese subjects, vitamin D supplemented group will receive initial daily vitamin D3 supplementation dose based on their baseline serum 25(OH)D level as described in Methods and Procedures section. Serum 25(OH)D levels will be drawn at 8 weeks and adjustments to the dose will be made based on the an algorithm to achieve serum 25(OH)D levels between 80 and 140 nmol/L. The dose-response curve obtained at 8 weeks will be compared to the one already established with non-obese subjects. Serum 25(OH)D level will be obtained at 16 weeks and compared with the data available from non-obese subjects.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Vitamin D Deficiency

Intervention

Vitamin D3, placebo

Location

Winthrop University Hospital
Mineola
New York
United States
11501

Status

Recruiting

Source

Winthrop University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:35-0400

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A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

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A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

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