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This study is being conducted to determine if intravitreal injections of ranibizumab decrease the proportion of eyes in which vitrectomy is performed compared with saline injections in eyes presenting with vitreous hemorrhage from proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
In mild to moderate cases of vitreous hemorrhage, PRP is performed when possible to achieve regression of new vessels or at least stabilization of the neovascularization with no further growth in order to decrease the probability of subsequent vitreous hemorrhage while spontaneous absorption of the hemorrhage occurs. In cases in which the hemorrhage is too dense to apply PRP, vitrectomy is considered to remove the hemorrhage and provide a clear media for application of PRP (often as endolaser photocoagulation) as well as eliminate extensive neovascularization and relieve traction retinal detachments. Pars plana vitrectomy was introduced in the 1970s as a surgical intervention in diabetes for non-clearing vitreous hemorrhage, traction retinal detachment or very severe PDR. The goal of vitrectomy in such eyes is to remove the hemorrhage and provide a clear media for application of PRP (often as endolaser photocoagulation) as well as eliminate extensive neovascularization and relieve traction retinal detachments. Many advances in instrumentation and technique have resulted in a dramatic reduction in complications over the last few decades, but surgical complications remain including the following: neovascular glaucoma, retinal detachment, fibrinoid syndrome, endophthalmitis and hypotony with subsequent phthisis bulbi. Recovery for the subject can take up to 6 weeks.
Increased VEGF levels have been demonstrated in the retina and vitreous of human eyes with diabetic retinopathy, especially PDR. VEGF has been demonstrated to increase vessel permeability by increasing the phosphorylation of tight junction proteins, and has been shown to increase retinal vascular permeability in in vivo models. Anti-VEGF therapy, therefore, may represent a useful therapeutic modality which targets the underlying pathogenesis of PDR while vitreous hemorrhage clears to facilitate the placement of PRP, potentially avoiding vitrectomy.
This study is designed to determine if intravitreal injections of ranibizumab will facilitate clearing of vitreous hemorrhage and avoidance of vitrectomy and its potential complications. Compared with a surgical intervention, use of an intravitreal agent associated with fewer vitrectomies would be preferable because of the reduced costs, reduced time to treatment, reduced intervention time, relatively low risk of side effects, and reduced recovery time. An intravitreal agent also would be a useful alternative for patients who are unwilling to undergo surgery. Furthermore, the study will determine the safety of this medication in the setting of PDR.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Not yet recruiting
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:39-0400
To determine the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab injection as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of postvitrectomy diabetic vitreous hemorrhage (PDVH) accompanied by neovascular glauco...
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Hemorrhage into the VITREOUS BODY.
Detachment of the corpus vitreum (VITREOUS BODY) from its normal attachments, especially the retina, due to shrinkage from degenerative or inflammatory conditions, trauma, myopia, or senility.
A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE distinguished from other genera in the family by the presence of specific derivatives of TGD-2 polar lipids. Haloarcula are found in neutral saline environments such as salt lakes, marine salterns, and saline soils.
A family of gram-negative, moderately halophilic bacteria in the order Oceanospirillales. Members of the family have been isolated from temperate and Antarctic saline lakes, solar salt facilities, saline soils, and marine environments.
Inflammation of the choroid as well as the retina and vitreous body. Some form of visual disturbance is usually present. The most important characteristics of posterior uveitis are vitreous opacities, choroiditis, and chorioretinitis.
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...