Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Inhalation treatment with mucolytics is one of the cornerstones of CF treatment for respiratory problems.
The efficacy of inhalation treatment with recombinant DNAse and hypertonic saline is well established. The North American CF foundation reported that there is insufficient evidence for or against the chronic use of inhaled N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) to improve lung function and reduce exacerbations .
In vitro tests proved the positive effect of NAC on sputum rheology . Evidence based research however on the in vivo effect of NAC on visco-elasticity and lung function is rare. There are only three randomized controlled clinical trials on nebulised NAC, none of them showing a statistically significant or clinically relevant beneficial effect. Nevertheless at least in Europe for many years inhalation treatment with NAC is advised. Because of the disgusting sulphur odour, many patients are reluctant to use this inhalation medication.
We intend to start an open placebo controlled in vivo cross-over study to evaluate the effect of Acetyl cysteine compared to normal saline on the sputum visco-elasticity and on the short term effect on lung function.
Sputum producing CF-patients, able to perform lung function tests will be enrolled.
Sputum viscoelasticity will be measured by a controlled-stress rheometer (AR 1000-N; TA-Instruments, Ghent, Belgium) at 20° C, using a cone-plate geometry 8.
Lung function measurement (FVC, FEV1, FEF 25-75) will be done in a Masterlab body plethysmograph (Jaeger®) Sputum samples will be collected before lung function test on a regular control visit. Three ml of NAC or 4 ml of normal saline will be inhaled, afterwards a second sputum sample will be collected and a control lung function test will be performed. Visco-elasticity measurements will be done on sputum samples before and after inhalation of NAC or normal saline. Patients will continue to inhale N-acetylcysteine or normal saline two times per day for one month. After one month a control lung function and a third sputum sample will be collected, visco-elasticity and lung function will be measured and compared to the initial values in both groups and between groups. After a wash-out period of normal saline inhalations during 2 weeks in both groups, patients in the initial control group will be asked to switch to inhalation of 3 ml of NAC two times per day and the former NAC group will continue to inhale two times 4 ml of normal saline during four weeks. After one month the same measurements of visco-elasticity and lung function tests will be done.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Acetylcysteine, normal saline
University Hospital Ghent
Not yet recruiting
University Hospital, Ghent
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:12:27-0400
Despite the lack of trials proving the efficacy of DNase in non cystic fibrosis patients, it is currently heavily used in this population. In fact, per evidence of barcode scanning via Med...
The effect of long term inhalation of hypertonic saline in subjects with cystic fibrosis on lung function, incidence of respiratory tract infections, quality of life, quantitative microbio...
The purpose of this study is to assess whether inhalation of 7% hypertonic saline (HS) twice daily for 48 weeks improves the lung clearance index by multiple breath nitrogen washout in com...
The purpose of this study is to assess whether inhalation of 7% hypertonic saline (HS) twice daily for 48 weeks reduces structural lung disease as assessed by computed tomography (CT) in c...
This study is examining the effect of hypertonic saline compared to placebo on the Lung Clearance Index in Cystic Fibrosis patients.
Başaran AE, Karataş-Torun N, Maslak İC, Bingöl A, Alper ÖM. Normal sweat chloride test does not rule out cystic fibrosis. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 68-70. A 5-month-old patient presented with comp...
Intestinal dysbiosis has been described in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and probiotics have been proposed to restore microbial composition. Aim of the study was to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus rha...
There are many challenges to providing end-of-life care (EOLC) to people with cystic fibrosis (CF).
The purpose of this study was to evaluate hearing impairment in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF).
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) may be related to more rapid progression of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease in which the ventricular walls are excessively rigid, impeding ventricular filling. It is marked by reduced diastolic volume of either or both ventricles but normal or nearly normal systolic function. It may be idiopathic or associated with other diseases (ENDOMYOCARDIAL FIBROSIS or AMYLOIDOSIS) causing interstitial fibrosis.
A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...