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Terlipressin in Septic Shock: Effects on Microcirculation

2014-08-27 03:18:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The present study was conducted as a prospective, randomized study to investigate the effects of vasopressin receptor agonists terlipressin and vasopressin on systemic hemodynamics and microcirculation in patients with catecholamine-dependent septic shock.

Description

60 septic shock patients requiring norepinephrine to maintain mean arterial pressure between 65 and 75 mmHg despite adequate volume resuscitation will be enrolled in the study. After an initial hemodynamic resuscitation aimed at achieve a mean arterial pressure between 65 and 75 mmHg and normovolemia, patients will be randomly allocated to be treated with either a) intravenous administration of terlipressin 1 µg∙kg-1∙h-1 for 6 hrs, b) intravenous administration of arginine vasopressin 0.04 UI∙min-1 for 6 hrs, c) intravenous administration of terlipressin bolus dose of 0.5 mg (each n = 20). In all groups open label norepinephrine will be additionally administered to maintain a mean arterial pressure (MAP) between 65 and 75 mmHg, if necessary. Data from right heart catheterization and sublingual microvascular network will be obtained just before randomization (baseline) and then after 6 hours in the vasopressin, terlipressin infusion and terlipressin bolus groups.

The sublingual microvascular network will be studied using the sidestream dark field (SDF)imaging. The device will be applied on the lateral side of the tongue, in an area approximately 2-4 cm from the tip of the tongue. Sequences of 10 secs from eight adjacent areas will be recorded on disk using a personal computer. These sequences will be later analyzed by an investigator blinded to the patient's diagnosis and therapy.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Septic Shock

Intervention

continuous infusion of terlipressin, Arginine vasopressin, terlipressin bolus administration

Location

Departement of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Rome
I
Italy
00161

Status

Completed

Source

University of Roma La Sapienza

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:39-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A synthetic analog of the pituitary hormone, ARGININE VASOPRESSIN. Its action is mediated by the VASOPRESSIN receptor V2. It has prolonged antidiuretic activity, but little pressor effects. It also modulates levels of circulating FACTOR VIII and VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR.

The predominant form of mammalian antidiuretic hormone. It is a nonapeptide containing an ARGININE at residue 8 and two disulfide-linked cysteines at residues of 1 and 6. Arg-vasopressin is used to treat DIABETES INSIPIDUS or to improve vasomotor tone and BLOOD PRESSURE.

A non-peptide, kappa-opioid receptor agonist which has also been found to stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropin (ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE) via the release of hypothalamic arginine vasopressin (ARGININE VASOPRESSIN) and CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE. (From J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1997;280(1):416-21)

The porcine antidiuretic hormone (VASOPRESSINS). It is a cyclic nonapeptide that differs from ARG-VASOPRESSIN by one amino acid, containing a LYSINE at residue 8 instead of an ARGININE. Lys-vasopressin is used to treat DIABETES INSIPIDUS or to improve vasomotor tone and BLOOD PRESSURE.

Antidiuretic hormones released by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS of all vertebrates (structure varies with species) to regulate water balance and OSMOLARITY. In general, vasopressin is a nonapeptide consisting of a six-amino-acid ring with a cysteine 1 to cysteine 6 disulfide bridge or an octapeptide containing a CYSTINE. All mammals have arginine vasopressin except the pig with a lysine at position 8. Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure.

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