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Eating Habits and Obesity in First and Second Grade School Children

2014-08-27 03:18:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Purpose: In the framework of a randomized concurrent controlled trial, to assess the effectiveness of a feasible educational mechanism based on the principles of Alfred Adler, that focuses on the family, to improve the dietary habits of schoolchildren, to induce them to increase their physical activity, and to prevent obesity and diseases related to obesity. Primary Objectives for Children: 1.To increase intake of fruits and vegetables, to reduce intake of sweets and unhealthy snacks at home and in school, to increase exercise and to reduce sedentary activities. Primary Objective for the Parents: Increase the involvement of parents in the education of their children regarding nutrition.

Description: Study population: Approximately 600 students and 600 parents from 24 first grade classes in 4 schools. Schools are randomized into intervention and control groups. The intervention comprises a 5-session parental workshop and 5 joint parent-child school-based activities. The control group will be offered the intervention after conclusion of the trial.

Participants are recruited in first grade, anthropometrics are measured, and pupils and parents are interviewed on eating habits and exercise. Snacks are observed. The intervention takes place in the second grade, and outcome assessment is done at the end of the 2nd grade and beginning of the 3rd grade. In-depth interviews will be conducted with parents of obese children.

Significance: Most interventions geared to prevention of childhood obesity have failed dismally. A new approach that focuses on the parent-child interaction may be contributory.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Childhood Obesity

Intervention

parent-child interaction/activities based on Adler's methods

Location

Hadassah University Hospital
Jerusalem
Israel
91120

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Hadassah Medical Organization

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.

Repeated physical injuries inflicted on the child by the parent, parents, or surrogate parent; often triggered by the child's minor and normal irritating behavior.

The interactions between parent and child.

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