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Selective Retina Therapy (SRT) is an effective and safe laser treatment of clinically significant diabetic macular edema which targets the retinal pigment epithelium while sparing the neurosensory retina.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effectivity and safety of Selective Retina Therapy (SRT) for diabetic macular edema (DME).
DESIGN: Prospective two-center interventional uncontrolled case series. PARTICIPANTS: 39 eyes of 39 patients with previously untreated non-ischemic DME.
INTERVENTION: Focal laser treatment with an SRT-Laser which selectively affects the retinal pigment epithelium while sparing the photoreceptor layer. The pulse energy was individually adjusted to achieve angiographically visible but funduscopically invisible effects. Optoacoustic measurements were performed to detect the individual threshold of RPE damage during laser treatment and correlated with funduscopy and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) or indocyanine green angiography. Follow-up at 3 and 6 months post treatment included best-corrected ETDRS visual acuity (BCVA), FFA, fundus photography, and retinal thickness measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change of BCVA, change of retinal thickness, presence of hard exudates and leakage in FFA, specificity and sensitivity of optoacoustic measurements.
RESULTS: Mean BCVA improved from 43.7 letters (standard deviation, SD=9.1) at baseline to 46.1 letters (SD=10.5) at 6 months follow-up (p=0.02). BCVA improved (> 5 letters) or remained stable (+/- 5 letters) in 84% of eyes. 13% of eyes improved by ≥ 10 letters while 16% of eyes lost more than 5 letters. There was no severe loss of vision (loss of ≥ 15 letters). Overall, mean central retinal thickness, hard exsudates and leakage in FFA did not change significantly (p>0.05) while improvement of BCVA correlated with a reduction of hard exsudates and central retinal thickness. Specificity and sensitivity of detecting the angiographic visible threshold of RPE damage by optoacoustic measurements were 86% and 70%, respectively. No adverse effects or pain were noted during or after treatment.
CONCLUSION: SRT is an effective and safe treatment of DME with functional and anatomical improvement or stabilization in most patients. Optoacoustic measurements are suitable to detect the individual threshold of RPE damage.
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Diabetic Macular Edema
selective retina therapy (SRT)
University of Schleswig-Holstein
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:40-0400
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