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The investigators will determine if the MRI can be used to determine the temperature inside the brain. This is an important piece of information now that cooling the brain is being used to decrease brain damage in infants who had a decrease in brain oxygen or flow around the time of birth.
There are presently two modes of providing cooling for the infant with HIE: 1) systemic cooling of the entire body (Body Cooling) to 33.5°C documented by rectal temperature and 2) selective head cooling via an FDA approved Cool-cap device which cools the rectal temperature to 34.5°C by applying a continuous flow of very cold (10°C) water to the scalp. The potential advantage of the latter approach lies in the brain being selectively cooled relative to the rectal temperature. Experimental direct temperature measurements in animals have shown that both methods cool the brain; however, despite FDA approval and world-wide application, no one has ever demonstrated that the brain of a human can be cooled effectively, and it is further not known if the cooling is uniform. Most investigators assume the surface will be cooled to a greater degree than the deep brain structures, especially with selective head cooling.We will use a modification of the information obtained from the MRI to determine the distribution of temperatures within the infants brain.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hosptial at Vanderbilt
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:45-0400
Perinatal asphyxia is common cause of acquired neonatal brain injury in neonates associated with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, leading to long-term neurologic complication or death. In ...
The purpose of this study is to to evaluate the safety and efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen in term gestation newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy..
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness and safety of selective head cooling (SHC) in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).
Perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy occurs in one to three infants per 1000 term births, and up to 12 000 infants are affected each year in the united state of America. Hypoxic isch...
This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial to evaluate whether induced whole-body hypothermia initiated between 6-24 hours of age and continued for 96 hours in infants ...
To develop an evidence-based, standardized structured reporting (SR) method for brain MRI examinations in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) suitable both for clinical and research use.
Therapeutic hypothermia reduces the risk of death, or moderate to severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Reports of its safety and effic...
Inflammation is a crucial but understudied mechanism of neuronal injury after hypoxia-ischemia. The aim was to identify a panel of cytokines involved in brain injury in neonates with hypoxic ischemic ...
Electroencephalographic seizures (ES) are common among neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and they represent a treatable complication that might improve neurodevelopmental outcomes. ...
To investigate the current status of the application of H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS) in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and to describe the trend of research in the f...
The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.
A nitroimidazole that sensitizes normally radio-resistant hypoxic cells to radiation. It may also be directly cytotoxic to hypoxic cells and has been proposed as an antineoplastic.
Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
A clinically diverse group of epilepsy syndromes characterized either by myoclonic seizures or by myoclonus in association with other seizure types. Myoclonic epilepsy syndromes are divided into three subtypes based on etiology: familial, cryptogenic, and symptomatic (i.e., occurring secondary to known disease processes such as infections, hypoxic-ischemic injuries, trauma, etc.).
Constriction of arteries in the SKULL due to sudden, sharp, and often persistent smooth muscle contraction in blood vessels. Intracranial vasospasm results in reduced vessel lumen caliber, restricted blood flow to the brain, and BRAIN ISCHEMIA that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HYPOXIA-ISCHEMIA, BRAIN).
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...