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Combined modality therapy has then emerged as the standard of care for limited-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma and doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy that is devoid of alkylating agents and associated with a low potential for gonadal toxicity and leukemogenesis, is currently considered a gold standard. Nevertheless, the disadvantage to combine radiotherapy to ABVD is represented by late cardiovascular events (myocardial dysfunction and coronary or valvular disease), especially when the heart is within the radiation field; bleomycin pulmonary toxicity also is increased in conjunction with RT and secondary tumors, in particular in the RT fields. This study aims at treating patients with limited disease with multiagent chemotherapy alone, without irradiation, and using radiotherapy only for relapses.
Limited-stage Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable disease, with expected long-term disease-free and overall survival rates close to 90% and 95%, respectively. This success has come at a cost of long-term treatment-related toxicity, such that the patients who live beyond 10 to 15 years are more likely to die from late complications of treatment than from the disease itself. In the last decades efforts to improve long-term results have been made by developing curative strategies aimed to reduce toxicity while maintaining high cure rates. Based on the observation that systemic chemotherapy can control occult sites of the disease, thereby eliminating the requirement for staging laparotomy, in the last years the use of combined modalities that allowed a reduction of number of cycles of chemotherapy and of radiation field size and doses, thus reducing late toxicity was investigated in various clinical trials. Combined modality therapy has then emerged as the standard of care for limited-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma and doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy that is devoid of alkylating agents and associated with a low potential for gonadal toxicity and leukemogenesis, is currently considered the gold standard. Nevertheless, optimal treatment is still a question of debate and current investigations are now taking into consideration to further reduce long-term toxicity. Actually two main options are available. The first option combines radiotherapy to ABVD chemotherapy, with the aim to maximize disease control. Using 4 cycles of ABVD followed by involved field radiotherapy at 36 Gy, Bonadonna and coworkers first documented a 94% freedom-from-progression and a 94% overall survival rate, respectively. The disadvantage with this approach is represented by late cardiovascular events (myocardial dysfunction and coronary or valvular disease), especially when the heart is within the radiation field; bleomycin pulmonary toxicity also is increased in conjunction with RT and secondary tumors, in particular in the RT fields. Whether these risks will be lower with fewer chemotherapy cycles, lower RT doses, or both has been studied in many clinical trials that have demonstrated that smaller radiation fields and lower doses are important, but a key unanswered question is whether RT can be eliminated completely in limited-stage patients. The second option therefore consists of chemotherapy with ABVD alone, with the aim to eliminate the late effects of radiotherapy. This approach have resulted in an absolute increase of the failure rate in the order of 8% (from approximately 4% up to 12%). However, the majority of relapsing patients achieves a durable disease control with a second-line radiation-containing combined approach, and shows an overall survival rate superimposable to that of patients receiving upfront combined strategy with chemo-radiotherapy. We thus designed a study aimed at treating patients with limited disease with multiagent chemotherapy alone, without irradiation, and using radiotherapy only for relapses. In fact, it has recently been reported that the addition of Rituximab (a monoclonal antibody directed against the CD20 B-cell antigens) to ABVD significantly increases the antilymphoma activity of ABVD alone in advanced-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma and in absence of added toxicity. In conclusion, rituximab-supplemented ABVD (R-ABVD) given to early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma might represent a radiation-free regimen capable of increasing long-term disease control of ABVD alone, while avoiding the late effects of radiotherapy.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether the R-ABVD therapy (ARM A) is not worse than the standard therapy of ABVD-RT (ARM B) in patients with limited Hodgkin's lymphoma. In this trial a maximum inferiority of 8% of the 3-year Failure Free Survival rate (FFS) in ARM A with respect to ARM B is considered acceptable to assess that ARM A is not worse than ARM B.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Rituximab, Involved field irradiation
Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:11:17-0400
This study aims to assess the short term efficacy of a combination of rituximab and low-dose radiotherapy in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
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Two or more distinct types of malignant lymphoid tumors occurring within a single organ or tissue at the same time. It may contain different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells or both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells.
External or interstitial irradiation to treat lymphomas (e.g., Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas) and lymph node metastases and also some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
A form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma having a usually diffuse pattern with both small and medium lymphocytes and small cleaved cells. It accounts for about 5% of adult non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the United States and Europe. The majority of mantle-cell lymphomas are associated with a t(11;14) translocation resulting in overexpression of the CYCLIN D1 gene (GENES, BCL-1).
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Clinically benign, histologically malignant, recurrent cutaneous T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by an infiltration of large atypical cells surrounded by inflammatory cells. The atypical cells resemble REED-STERNBERG CELLS of HODGKIN DISEASE or the malignant cells of CUTANEOUS T-CELL LYMPHOMA. In some cases, lymphomatoid papulosis progresses to lymphomatous conditions including MYCOSIS FUNGOIDES; HODGKIN DISEASE; CUTANEOUS T-CELL LYMPHOMA; or ANAPLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA.
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