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The purpose of this study is to follow a person's response to experimental pain after multiple consecutive exposures to alfentanil or diphenhydramine to see if the person can tolerate the pain more, less, or the same at the end of the study.
This project investigates the phenomenon of opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). Opioid analgesics, in addition to their therapeutic anti-nociceptive effects, under some conditions produce pro-nociceptive effects. This phenomenon of pain or pain sensitivity being increased by prior opioid administration is called opioid-induced hyperalgesia. It is thought to be relevant both to pain management complications and to complications of opioid dependence and its treatment. This study investigates the time-course of opioid-induced hyperalgesia development in healthy normal volunteers (N=12 completers), using a series of acute alfentanil administrations (15 mg/kg mg IM per day) spaced at 3-4 day intervals, with testing for pain tolerance using the cold pressor test (CPT), and mechanical quantitative sensory testing (MQST) each administered repeatedly over time within each testing day. The goal is to determine the time course of OIH development following acute opioid administration, and to assess whether this changes over repeated acute opioid administrations.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit
Johns Hopkins University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:47-0400
Hemodynamic changes associated with the conduct of electroconvulsive therapy may be minimized with the administration of alfentanil as part of their anesthetic regimen. This study proposes...
This study aims to assess the Pupillary Pain Index before and after a bolus of alfentanil in children under general anesthesia, before skin incision.
This is a randomized clinical trial of deep procedural sedation with propofol with and without supplemental alfentanil. Patients will be assessed for total and fractionated serum catechol...
To evaluate the relative bioavailability of Naproxen Sodium 220 mg and diphenhydramine hydrochloride (DPH HCL) 25 mg soft capsules (Test) versus Naproxen Sodium 220 mg and diphenhydramine ...
The purpose of this study is to determine if two formulations of diphenhydramine hydrochloride are bioequivalent.
While emerging pharmaceutical contaminants are monitored in wastewater treatment and the environment, there is little information concerning their microbial metabolites. The transformation of diphenhy...
Evaluation of diphenhydramine in talc induced type 2 diabetes mellitus was done in Wistar rats. Oral administration of Talc (10mg/kg)carried out for 21days increased the levels of serum glutamate pyru...
Cold hyperalgesia is a common side effect of oxaliplatin treatment; still the pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms as well as the contribution of different primary afferent fiber systems are un...
Postoperative secondary hyperalgesia arises from central sensitization due to pain pathways facilitation and/or acute opioid exposure. The latter is also known as opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). Re...
The objective was to investigate the long-term development of pain and hyperalgesia after patella fractures. The secondary objective was to report the association between tibiofemoral and patellofemor...
An increased sensation to painful stimuli that may follow damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve. Hyperalgesia can occur both at the site of tissue damage (primary hyperalgesia) and in the surrounding undamaged areas (secondary hyperalgesia). (Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p386)
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.
A drug combination that contains DIPHENHYDRAMINE and THEOPHYLLINE. It is used for treating vertigo, motion sickness, and nausea associated with pregnancy. It is not effective in the treatment of nausea associated with cancer chemotherapy.
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...