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Several methods have been proposed for the measurement of pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF). The pneumatic tonometer, which is commercially available, assesses POBF by measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) changes during the cardiac cycle. The investigators have recently developed a method for the measurement of ocular fundus pulsation, which is based on laser interferometry. In contrast to the Langham system the method is non-contractile and yields a high topographic resolution. Moreover, the pneumatic tonometer assesses the ocular pressure pulse, whereas ocular fundus pulsation is a point measure of the ocular volume pulse. These two parameters are related by the ocular rigidity, which refers to the mechanical properties of the eye coats.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of blindness in the industrialized nations. The mechanisms behind this severe eye disease are, however, still obscure. It has been hypothesized that alterations in choroidal blood flow and ocular rigidity may contribute to the development and progression of AMD. However, there is currently little data to confirm this hypothesis. The present study is an attempt to investigate choroidal blood flow and ocular rigidity by employing laser interferometric measurement of fundus pulsation and pneumotonometric measurement of fundus pulsation.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
blood flow measurement
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna
Not yet recruiting
Medical University of Vienna
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:47-0400
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To compare the areas of choriocapillaris (CC) nonperfusion and macular atrophy (MA) in treated exudative age-related macular degeneration.
A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.
A technique of diagnostic imaging of RETINA or CORNEA of the human eye involving the measurement and interpretation of polarizing ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES such as radio or light waves. It is helpful in the diagnosis of GLAUCOMA; MACULAR DEGENERATION; and other retinal disorders.
A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)