Impact of Non Invasive Ventilation on Quality of Sleep

2014-08-27 03:18:47 | BioPortfolio


Quality of sleep is profoundly affected in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure and restrictive disorders, with a decrease in rapid eye movement (REM) and slow wave sleep, and an increase in sleep fragmentation. Assisted ventilation aims at improving blood gases, but may also have a favorable impact on sleep structure. The investigators reviewed polysomnographic and blood gas data obtained between 1987 and 2008 in 95 patients with restrictive pulmonary disorders, before and after implementing non-invasive ventilatory support.


Chart review of all patients with predominantly restrictive pulmonary disorders treated for respiratory failure by NIV at our institution between 1987 and 2008.

Data systematically recorded included pulmonary function tests, diurnal arterial blood gases, and polysomnography before and after implementation of nocturnal NIV.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Retrospective


Restrictive Pulmonary Disorders




Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:47-0400

Clinical Trials [1393 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Restrictive Versus Liberal Transfusion, Major Surgeries

Investigators aimed to compare the restrictive and liberal blood transfusion methods applied in major surgical operations performed in Anesthesiology and Reanimation Clinic and investigate...

Accuracy of Spircare Device as Compared to the Conventional Plethysmograph

The purpose of this study is to assess the accuracy of FRC and airway resistance calculate values of Spircare device as compared to the conventional body plethysmograph in healthy adults a...

Assessment of Blood Coagulation Disorders in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension

The objective of the present study is to assess blood coagulation disorders in patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension. The investig...

Last 3 Months of Life in Home Ventilated

To verify with a specific questionnaire, the families' perceived quality of end-of-life care and of dying in the last 3 months of life of 168 patients (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseas...

Prognostic Factors , Morbidity and Mortality in Patients With Muscular Dystrophies Admitted in ICU

Muscular dystrophies are neuromuscular disorders with disability. Restrictive pulmonary failure and cardiomyopathy affect prognosis.The investigators aim to establish predictive factors fo...

PubMed Articles [8148 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

ARFID: food restriction without fear of weight gain.

Avoidant/restrictive food avoidance disorder, or ARFID, is characterized by restrictive eating or avoidance of food in the absence of the cognitive restraint and weight phobia typically seen in anorex...

Pulmonary rehabilitation in respiratory disorders other than COPD : an individualized approach.

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a multimodal intervention which includes an individualized physical training program, patient education, nutritional assessment and counseling, and recommendations for beha...

Pathological and non-pathological variants of restrictive eating behaviors in middle childhood: A latent class analysis.

Although restrictive eating behaviors are very common during early childhood, their precise nature and clinical correlates remain unclear. Especially, there is little evidence on restrictive eating be...

Restrictive Transfusion Strategy Is More Effective in Massive Burns: Results of the TRIBE Multicenter Prospective Randomized Trial.

Studies suggest that a restrictive transfusion strategy is safe in burns, yet the efficacy of a restrictive transfusion policy in massive burn injury is uncertain. Our objective: compare outcomes betw...

Creation of a restrictive atrial left-to-right shunt: a novel treatment for heart failure.

Elevated left atrial (LA) filling pressures are associated with poor prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF). Recent evidences have shown that, in this setting, the presence of restrictive small...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition characterized by the thickening of the ventricular ENDOCARDIUM and subendocardium (MYOCARDIUM), seen mostly in children and young adults in the TROPICAL CLIMATE. The fibrous tissue extends from the apex toward and often involves the HEART VALVES causing restrictive blood flow into the respective ventricles (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE).

Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.

Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.

Narrowing below the PULMONARY VALVE or well below it in the infundibuluar chamber where the pulmonary artery originates, usually caused by a defective VENTRICULAR SEPTUM or presence of fibrous tissues. It is characterized by restricted blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the PULMONARY ARTERY, exertional fatigue, DYSPNEA, and chest discomfort.

Backflow of blood from the PULMONARY ARTERY into the RIGHT VENTRICLE due to imperfect closure of the PULMONARY VALVE.

More From BioPortfolio on "Impact of Non Invasive Ventilation on Quality of Sleep"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...

Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs.  They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...

Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...

Searches Linking to this Trial