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Study of Tissue Samples From Women Treated With Paclitaxel for Breast Cancer on Clinical Trial CALGB-9344 or CALGB-9741

2014-08-27 03:18:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Studying the genes expressed in samples of tumor tissue from patients with cancer may help doctors identify biomarkers related to cancer.

PURPOSE: This research study is looking at tissue samples from women treated with paclitaxel for breast cancer on clinical trial CALGB 9344 or CALGB 9741.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To determine whether subtype-specific treatment effects correlate with disease-free survival (DFS), as determined by a significant interaction between PAM50-based intrinsic subtypes, and (a) paclitaxel benefit in CLB-9344 and (b) dose density in CALGB-9741.

- To determine whether subtype-specific treatment effects correlate with DFS for the HER2-negative subsets in CALGB-9344 and CALGB-9741, as determined by analysis of tissue microarray (TMA) and slides.

- To determine the relationship between PAM50-defined risk of relapse (ROR) score and DFS in CALGB-9344 and CALGB-9741.

- To evaluate the relationship between PAM50-defined ROR score and DFS in the HER2-negative subsets in CALGB-9344 and CALGB-9741, as determined by analysis of TMA and slides.

- To examine the relationship between PAM50-defined proliferation score and DFS in CALGB-9344 and CALGB-9741 in multivariate Cox-proportional hazards models including the following covariates: (a) number of positive lymph nodes, square root transformation; (b) menopausal status (pre versus peri/post); CALGB-9344 only; c) dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride (60/75/90 mg/m^2); and CALGB-9741 only; and (d) sequence of treatment.

Secondary

- To evaluate overall survival (OS) in a Cox-proportional hazards-regression model for testing the interaction between ROR with (a) paclitaxel benefit in CALGB-9344 and (b) dose density in CALGB-9741.

- To test for a significant interaction between ROR and paclitaxel benefit at 5-year and 10-year DFS.

- To test whether 5-year and 10-year DFS rates can be associated to a significant interaction between the proliferation score with (a) paclitaxel benefit in CALGB-9344 and (b) dose density in CALGB-9741.

OUTLINE: Tissue blocks from CALGB-9344 and CALGB-9741 are utilized to purify RNA to be tested in the PAM50 assay (a 50-gene quantitative PCR assay, that provides an intrinsic breast cancer subtype diagnosis) and generate risk of relapse (ROR) scores.

The assay identifies five subtypes with the following characteristics:

- Luminal A: This subtype expresses estrogen receptor (ER) accompanied by high levels of ER-associated gene expression. Genes associated with cell cycle activation are not highly expressed and this tumor type is only very rarely HER2+. This subgroup has the most favorable prognosis and is enriched for endocrine therapy responsive tumors.

- Luminal B: This subtype expresses ER and ER-associated gene expression but to a lower extent. Genes associated with cell cycle activation are highly expressed and this tumor type can be HER2+ (~20%) or HER2- thus, from the clinical perspective, Luminal B tumors are at least two further subtypes defined by the presence or absence of HER2-gene amplification. The prognosis is unfavorable (despite ER expression) and endocrine therapy responsiveness is generally diminished.

- Basal-like: This subtype is ER-, is almost always clinically HER2- and expresses a suite of "basal" biomarkers. Genes associated with cell cycle activation are highly expressed.

- HER2-enriched: This subtype is ER- and is HER2+ in the majority of cases. Genes associated with cell cycle activation are highly expressed and these tumors have a poor outcome. Tumors within this classification that are clinically HER2- fall into a class previously described as double-negative non-basal.

- Normal-like: A tumor subtype diagnosis cannot be provided from samples that exhibit a normal-like profile. Since this profile was trained on samples without cancer, "normal-like" implies there are too few tumor cells in the sample to make a true tumor subtype diagnosis.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 2,245 tissue blocks from CALGB-9544 and 1,432 tissue blocks from CALGB-9741 will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

gene expression analysis, polymerase chain reaction, laboratory biomarker analysis

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:47-0400

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MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease. Included are such techniques as IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION of chromosomes for CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS; OLIGONUCLEOTIDE ARRAY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS of gene expression patterns in disease states; identification of pathogenic organisms by analysis of species specific DNA sequences; and detection of mutations with POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.

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