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Statins have been proven to reduce cardiovascular events and mortality in large clinical trials but remain underutilized partly due to the associated myopathy. Severe reactions manifested as rhabdomyolysis are rare but myalgia is commonly noted in clinical practice. The pathophysiology of these events remains obscure. Previous studies suggest that statins block the downstream products (such as cellular signaling molecules) of the mevalonate pathway needed for normal muscle function. Other studies show that statins are associated with gene expressions involved in muscle damage such as atrogin-1. We will quantify these entities pre and post statin therapy to better understand these reactions.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:11:18-0400
This is a Phase 1, Open-Label, 3-Period, Single-sequence, Drug-drug Interaction Study in Healthy Subjects to Assess the Effect of Cenicriviroc on the Pharmacokinetics (PK) of HMG-CoA Reduc...
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A-reductase inhibitors (statins) decrease apolipoprotein B-100-containing lipoproteins by increasing their fractional catabolic rates through low-densit...
Evaluate the safety of the long-term (1 year) coadministration of ezetimibe and simvastatin in patients with hypercholesterolemia who have not reached low density lipoproten (LDL)-choleste...
This study evaluate the efficacy of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-COA) reductase inhibitors, also known as "statins" in the treatment of growth and skeletal abnormalities in c...
In vitro statins, inhibitors of the HMG-CoA-reductase, have been shown to overcome cell adhesion mediated drug resistance at very low concentrations. The purpose of the study is to investi...
Cardiovascular complications are strongly correlated with a higher risk of mortality during follow-up after noncardiac surgery. However, controversy remains regarding whether perioperative administrat...
The 5-α-reductase inhibitors finasteride and dutasteride are frequently used in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia and benign prostatichyperplasia. These drugs are effective at reducing levels of...
Ultrasound scanning has widespread used in clinical practice and also has therapeutic applications. Simvastatin is a statins that is able to competitively inhibit the activity of 3‑hydroxy‑3‑met...
Male pattern hair loss, mediated by dihydrotestosterone, is a common hair loss disorder, affecting over 50% of men over the age of 50. The 5-α reductase inhibitors, finasteride and dutasteride, are F...
The use of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and other diseases has been proposed and studied. However, the controversy about its benefits an...
A derivative of LOVASTATIN and potent competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HYDROXYMETHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASES), which is the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis. It may also interfere with steroid hormone production. Due to the induction of hepatic LDL RECEPTORS, it increases breakdown of LDL CHOLESTEROL.
Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.
A pharmaceutical preparation of ezetimibe and simvastatin that is used in the treatment of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS.
An antilipemic fungal metabolite isolated from cultures of Nocardia autotrophica. It acts as a competitive inhibitor of HMG CoA reductase (HYDROXYMETHYLGLUTARYL COA REDUCTASES).
A HYDROXYMETHYLGLUTARYL-COA-REDUCTASE INHIBITOR, or statin, that reduces the plasma concentrations of LDL-CHOLESTEROL; APOLIPOPROTEIN B, and TRIGLYCERIDES while increasing HDL-CHOLESTEROL levels in patients with HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA and those at risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.
Cholesterol is a waxy steroid metabolite found in the cell membranes and transported in the blood plasma. It is an important structural component of mammalian cell membranes, where it is establishes proper membrane permeability and fluidity. Cholesterol ...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...
Statins (or HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) are a class of drug used to lower cholesterol levels by inhibiting the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, which plays a central role in the production of cholesterol in the liver. Increased cholesterol levels have been as...