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A Two Part Study of Peroral Insulin in Type 2 Diabetes

2014-08-27 03:18:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Insulin is normally not bioavailable when taken through the oral route, as degradation of the molecule may occur both in the ventricle and in the intestine. Oral administration with uptake from the lesser intestine would offer major advantages if made possible. It would offer a simple non-injection method to administer insulin in connection with a meal and absorbed insulin would enter the blood stream and mimic the natural distribution in the body with a first pass through the liver. The sponsor of this study has developed a novel oral insulin formulation that is based on a proprietary dextran matrix. The investigational drug is a capsule containing 100 IU of human insulin in dextran matrix.

The primary objective of this study is to establish the safety, tolerance and PD profile (i.e. pharmacodynamic parameters for glucose and insulin) of peroral insulin in dextran matrix in patients with type 2 diabetes.

The phase I/II study protocol consists of two parts; part 1 (dose finding) and part 2 (dose verification). In study part 1 single escalating doses of oral insulin or placebo is given to the test subjects. Capillary blood glucose is used to assess the insulin effect. Subsequently, in study part 2, the investigational drug will be administered 3 times daily on 6 consecutive days. The starting dose of part 2 will be the lowest effective dose found in study part 1. Dose escalation will be done in increments of 100 IU. The total number of subjects will be 32 (for part 1 and 2 combined).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

Insulin in Dextran Matrix

Location

Karolinska Trial Alliance, Phase I Unit
Stockholm
Solna, Stockholm
Sweden
17176

Status

Recruiting

Source

Bows Pharmaceuticals AG

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:51-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).

A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).

Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.

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