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The head injury is a frequent problem of health, which produces high morbid-mortality. Today is the main cause of death and disability between 18 and 40 years. In addition it originates expensive expenses in health care systems.
Head injury produces damage by primary mechanisms related to impact, then by biochemical ways which are activated and they carry to secondary damage. Many studies have been conducted for explaining secondary injury, the majority conclude there is a kind of ischemic lesion related maybe with changes in cerebral flow and metabolism. All these changes are associated to a immunological response. Up to now some drugs are directed to modulate the immunological system, although many of them have been ineffective.
Statins o inhibitors of HMG CoA reductase are drugs used in dyslipidemia, frequently for reduction in LDL. Experimental and clinical studies in stroke have shown improvement in outcome. The toxicity related to statin is myopathy and hepatopathy, both with low incidence without fatal cases. Rosuvastatin has been postulated be the most powerful with longest life and toxicity similar to another statins. Many studies have suggested an important immunodulator effect after statins administration, We have previously demonstrated the possible effect of statin on amnesia and disorientation improvement with patients who suffered a moderated head injury (Glasgow 9-13). The aim of this new study is to analyze the possible immunodulator role of statins on head injury.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto"
San Luis Potosi
Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:52-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine whether rosuvastatin is effective in the management of moderate head injury by improving amnesia and orientation.
The objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of oral rosuvastatin in patients with sepsis-induced Acute Lung Injury (ALI). The hypothesis of this study is that Rosuvastatin therapy w...
Statins, including rosuvastatin, are drugs that lower plasma cholesterol and prevent atherosclerotic disease. Recent preclinical evidence suggests that statins also increase tissue toleran...
A study to evaluate the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering efficacy of the addition of ezetimibe to rosuvastatin compared with doubling dose of rosuvastatin in patients t...
A 104-week, randomized, double-blind, parallel group, multi-center Phase IIIb study comparing the effects of treatment with rosuvastatin 40 mg or atorvastatin 80mg on atherosclerotic disea...
It is well accepted that both rosuvastatin and resveratrol exert neuroprotective effects on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury through some common pathways. Resveratrol has also been demonstrated to...
Two clinical decision rules, the Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria, set the standard to guide clinicians in determining which patients with minor head trauma need computed tomography ...
It was recently reported that the C and AUC of rosuvastatin increases when it is coadministered with telmisartan and cyclosporine. Rosuvastatin is known to be a substrate of OATP1B1, OATP1B3, NTCP, an...
Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in children worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the association between physician risk tolerance and head comput...
Rosuvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, and one of the most popular antihyperlipidemic medications has been found to possess pharmacodynamic activities much ...
An injury in which the damage is located on the opposite side of the primary impact site. A blow to the back of head which results in contrecoup injury to the frontal lobes of the brain is the most common type.
Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)
A relatively common sequela of blunt head injury, characterized by a global disruption of axons throughout the brain. Associated clinical features may include NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; DEMENTIA; and other disorders.
Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...