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Effect of Rosuvastatin on Cytokins After Traumatic Brain Injury

2014-08-27 03:18:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether rosuvastatin could affect the immunological response after head injury by modulating TNF-alpha,IL6,IL-1.

Description

The head injury is a frequent problem of health, which produces high morbid-mortality. Today is the main cause of death and disability between 18 and 40 years. In addition it originates expensive expenses in health care systems.

Head injury produces damage by primary mechanisms related to impact, then by biochemical ways which are activated and they carry to secondary damage. Many studies have been conducted for explaining secondary injury, the majority conclude there is a kind of ischemic lesion related maybe with changes in cerebral flow and metabolism. All these changes are associated to a immunological response. Up to now some drugs are directed to modulate the immunological system, although many of them have been ineffective.

Statins o inhibitors of HMG CoA reductase are drugs used in dyslipidemia, frequently for reduction in LDL. Experimental and clinical studies in stroke have shown improvement in outcome. The toxicity related to statin is myopathy and hepatopathy, both with low incidence without fatal cases. Rosuvastatin has been postulated be the most powerful with longest life and toxicity similar to another statins. Many studies have suggested an important immunodulator effect after statins administration, We have previously demonstrated the possible effect of statin on amnesia and disorientation improvement with patients who suffered a moderated head injury (Glasgow 9-13). The aim of this new study is to analyze the possible immunodulator role of statins on head injury.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Head Injury

Intervention

Rosuvastatin, Placebo

Location

Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto"
San Luis Potosi
Mexico
78420

Status

Recruiting

Source

Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:52-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An injury in which the damage is located on the opposite side of the primary impact site. A blow to the back of head which results in contrecoup injury to the frontal lobes of the brain is the most common type.

Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)

A relatively common sequela of blunt head injury, characterized by a global disruption of axons throughout the brain. Associated clinical features may include NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; DEMENTIA; and other disorders.

Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)

Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

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