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Extended Work Schedules, Sleep Loss and Health

2014-08-27 03:18:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study aims to determine whether abnormal bodily rhythms contribute to elevate the risk of diabetes, independently of the amount of sleep loss.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Sleep

Intervention

Fixed restricted bedtimes, Sleep restriction with circadian misalignment

Location

The University of Chicago
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60637

Status

Completed

Source

University of Chicago

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:52-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal sleep-wake schedule or pattern associated with the CIRCADIAN RHYTHM which affect the length, timing, and/or rigidity of the sleep-wake cycle relative to the day-night cycle.

Dyssomnias associated with disruption of the normal 24 hour sleep wake cycle secondary to travel (e.g., JET LAG SYNDROME), shift work, or other causes.

A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

A nonapeptide that is found in neurons, peripheral organs, and plasma. This neuropeptide induces mainly delta sleep in mammals. In addition to sleep, the peptide has been observed to affect electrophysiological activity, neurotransmitter levels in the brain, circadian and locomotor patterns, hormonal levels, psychological performance, and the activity of neuropharmacological drugs including their withdrawal.

Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.

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Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...


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