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Influence of Rabeprazole on the Magnitude of the Antiplatelet Action of Clopidogrel

2014-08-27 03:18:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess, whether the administration of a proton pump inhibitor, Rabeprazole, has a negative effect on the activity of a concomitantly administered blood thinner drug. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI's) are prescribed for patients with gastric problems to reduce the gastric acid secretion. The blood thinner drug, Clopidogrel, administered in this trial is approved for the treatment of mild heart attacks; it works by preventing blood platelets from sticking together to form clots that would restrict blood flow. Previous trials have shown that the proton pump inhibitor omeprazole interacts with the blood thinning drug clopidogrel to reduce the active form of clopidogrel, thereby preventing the drug's blood thinning effect. In this trial, the effect of two different proton pump inhibitors, namely rabeprazole and omeprazole on the activity of the blood thinner drug clopidogrel will be assessed and compared to the effect of placebo on the activity of the blood thinner drug clopidogrel. This will be done in three sequential periods and each of the patients enrolled into this trial will be asked to participate in three different periods, during which clopidogrel with either rabeprazol, or omeprazol, or placebo will be administered daily.

Description

In this open-label trial (investigators and patients know, what medication is administered), participants will in the course of three different periods, receive three different combinations of study drugs, namely either clopidogrel combined with rabeprazole, or clopidogrel combined with omeprazole or clopidogrel combined with placebo. Each of these treatment periods will last 7 days and will be interrupted by 2 to 3 weeks without any medication. The goal is to recruit a total of 36 healthy volunteers for all three periods. Clopidogrel is a blood thinner drug that acts on the platelet cell membrane. By this mechanism, clopidogrel inhibits the platelets aggregation. Clopidogrel is a prodrug, meaning that it is orally administrated as an inactive drug and must be activated through several biochemical steps to acquire its antiplatelet properties. This process takes place in the liver and implies a complex enzymatic system. A part of this enzymatic system, called cytochrome 2C19 (CYP2C19) has an important role in the metabolism of the clopidogrel and of other drugs. One of the drugs, which is also metabolized through this system is the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) omeprazole. If omeprazole is given concomitantly with clopidogrel, the metabolism of clopidogrel is inhibited and as a consequence, the therapeutic activity of clopidogrel is reduced. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the proton pump inhibitor rabeprazole, whose metabolism is much less dependent on CYP2C19, interferes less with clopidogrel bioactivation and could thus be proposed as an alternative to other PPIs to patients taking clopidogrel. To confirm that rabeprazole has no clinically relevant effect on the metabolism of clopidogrel, one session is performed with placebo tablets in combination with clopidogrel. Each patient will receive 2 types of study drug during 3 separate periods; either one tablet clopidogrel (75 mg) combined with rabeprazole, or clopidogrel (75 mg) combined with omeprazole or clopidogrel (75 mg) combined with placebo. Each of these treatment periods will last 7 days and will be interrupted by 2 to 3 weeks without any medication.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Healthy

Intervention

Treatment A - rabeprazole, Treatment B - omeprazole, Treatment C - placebo

Status

Completed

Source

Janssen Cilag S.A.S.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:53-0400

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