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Dendritic Cells(DC)-Based Id Vaccination in Stage-I Myeloma

2014-07-23 21:12:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Patients with stage-I multiple myeloma are treated with a vaccine made from their own immune cells (dendritic cells) and their own myeloma protein. Vaccinations are given on 5 occasions every 4 weeks. The aim is to induce an immune reaction against the malignant myeloma cells in order to slow down or cure the disease.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma

Intervention

autologous idiotype-protein pulsed dendritic cells

Location

University Hospital Dresden
Dresden
Germany
01307

Status

Completed

Source

University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:12:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Non-hematopoietic cells, with extensive dendritic processes, found in the primary and secondary follicles of lymphoid tissue (the B cell zones). They are different from conventional DENDRITIC CELLS associated with T-CELLS. They are derived from MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS and are negative for class II MHC antigen and do not process or present antigen like the conventional dendritic cells do. Instead, follicular dendritic cells have FC RECEPTORS and C3B RECEPTORS that hold antigen in the form of ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES on their surfaces for long periods for recognition by B-CELLS.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.

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