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The purpose of this study is to determine whether a newly developed, brief cognitive behavioral intervention, relative to supportive counseling, is effective in reducing acute stress disorder (ASD) and preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression.
Importance: Burns are painful, life threatening and disfiguring. Severe psychological distress, pain and sleep disturbance are among the most common, enduring and disabling of secondary complications, however, no evidence based treatments exists for these complex problems in the acute burn care setting.
Design: Randomized, controlled effectiveness trial, group assignment blinded to baseline status, groups stratified by history of pre-existing psychiatric disorder.
Objectives. To develop the Safety, Meaning, Activation and Resilience Training (SMART) protocol; To evaluate its short and long-term effectiveness, relative to viable placebo, Supportive Counseling (SC), in improving key dependent measures (e.g., ASD, PTSD), mediators, and, enhancing health and function outcomes.
Setting: A leading edge, State-dedicated, regional burn center in a major, metropolitan teaching hospital serving diverse residents from large urban settings, small towns and remote rural areas.
Interventions: SMART (focused cognitive-behavioral therapy with training in anxiety management, and treatment with prolonged exposure and cognitive restructuring) will be contrasted with SC (non-directive empathy, warmth, positive regard).
Primary Outcome Measures: Health (psychological distress, sleep, pain), function (physical, psychological, social), costs (direct and indirect).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Supportive Counseling
Johns Hopkins Burn Center
Johns Hopkins University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:12:37-0400
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A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.
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Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
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