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Resistance and/or Endurance Training, What is Most Effective in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases?

2014-08-27 03:18:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic interval training (AIT) versus strength training (ST) or a combination of these regimes (COM) on factors comprising the metabolic syndrome in order to find the most effective exercise regime for patients with metabolic syndrome.

Description

In the Western world, approximately 25% of young to middle-aged adults have metabolic syndrome. There seem to be a strong age-dependence in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, but the incidence rises rapidly within adolescents and middle-aged groups and follows the development of obesity in the general population. Metabolic syndrome confers an increased risk of coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and premature death; therefore, effective and affordable strategies to combat the syndrome would be of great individual and social importance.

Despite the general agreement that moderate-intensity physical activity for a minimum of 30 min five days per week or vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity for a minimum of 20 min three days a week promote and maintain health, the optimal training regime to treat metabolic syndrome and its associated cardiovascular abnormalities remains uncertain.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Metabolic Syndrome

Intervention

Exercise training

Status

Completed

Source

Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tapering-off physical activity from vigorous to light, to gradually return the body to pre-exercise condition and metabolic state.

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

A cardiovascular exercise strategy with alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods.

A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.

A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)

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