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The primary purpose of this study is to demonstrate the clinical safety and efficacy of LeGoo™ in comparison to a standard vessel occlusion method (i.e. vessel loops). Although LeGoo™ is suitable for use in any vascular surgery where temporary vessel occlusion is desired, this study specifically focuses on the use of LeGoo™ in off-pump coronary bypass (OPCAB), as a most sensitive model of adverse changes that may occur at any vascular site.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of LeGoo™ as compared to a traditional vessel loop. LeGoo is a device that is intended to be used during surgical procedures to temporarily occlude blood vessels while forming an anastomosis. LeGoo™ will be evaluated in subjects undergoing off-pump coronary artery by-pass (OPCAB) surgery. This is a prospective, randomized trial with a 30-day follow-up period. Half of the eligible patients will be randomized to the experimental group (LeGoo™); and the other half to the control group (standard vessel loops).
LeGoo™ is polymer-based device which is comprised of a non-toxic and biocompatible gel that exists as a liquid at low temperatures and rapidly transitions to a solid at body temperature, forming a plug that can occlude blood vessels. LeGoo™ is injected into a blood vessel that is intended to be occluded, where it stays in a "plug" form for several minutes allowing the surgeon to work in a bloodless field. The gel dissolves with time (spontaneously) or can be reversed back to liquid instantly by cooling the site with ice or irrigating with cold saline. Once dissolved below a minimum concentration, the polymer can never re-solidify.
The primary research hypothesis is that surgeons will obtain a bloodless surgical field and achieve satisfactory hemostasis in a larger proportion of anastomoses using LeGoo™ than using a conventional temporary hemostasis technique.
Satisfactory hemostasis is defined by the surgeon who will quantitate his/her observation about the quality of the surgical field using the following scoring system:
1. - Excellent hemostasis (no bleeding)
2. - Minimal bleeding (bleeding does not interfere with suturing)
3. - Modest bleeding (required intermittent use of another device to control bleeding at the site of the anastomosis)
4. - Copious bleeding (required continuous use of another device)
"Excellent hemostasis" and "minimal bleeding" are considered "satisfactory hemostasis." Satisfactory hemostasis will constitute a treatment success for the purpose of evaluating the primary efficacy of LeGoo. The primary endpoint is the proportion of anastomoses in which satisfactory hemostasis is achieved.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Klinik fur Herzchirurgie Herzzentrum Leipzig
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:59-0400
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