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Newly diagnosed hyperglycemia (NDH) and stress hyperglycemia (SH) during acute illness is reported as a non-physiological condition in hospitals. The investigators aim is to determine the rate of NDH and SH among cases admitted to coronary ICU with acute coronary disease and to inquire the relationship of SH with disease severity and functional outcomes such as longevity of ICU stay.
Patients with acute coronary heart disease admitted to the emergency room will be recruited consecutively. Admission plasma glucose (APG) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG); the first morning after admission, measurements will be obtained and each participant will be subjected to capillary glucose measurement (CGM) every six hours within the first day.
Patients will be separated into 4 groups:
GROUP 1: Normoglycemic cases GROUP 2: Newly diagnosed hyperglycemic cases Group 2a: Unrecognized diabetes, hbA1c: >6.0% Group 2b: Stress hyperglycemia <6.0%. GROUP 3: Known diabetes Age, gender, co-morbidities on admission, adverse outcomes in hospital, duration of stay in coronary ICU, deaths, drugs, and glucose levels will be all recorded.
Throughout the hospital stay of Group 2 and Group 3, CGMs were performed and treated when necessary (target glucose<180mg/dl).
Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE-II); a severity of disease classification system was used for each case.
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:04-0400
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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
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