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Hyperglycemia in a Coronary Intensive Care Unit

2014-08-27 03:19:04 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Newly diagnosed hyperglycemia (NDH) and stress hyperglycemia (SH) during acute illness is reported as a non-physiological condition in hospitals. The investigators aim is to determine the rate of NDH and SH among cases admitted to coronary ICU with acute coronary disease and to inquire the relationship of SH with disease severity and functional outcomes such as longevity of ICU stay.

Description

Patients with acute coronary heart disease admitted to the emergency room will be recruited consecutively. Admission plasma glucose (APG) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG); the first morning after admission, measurements will be obtained and each participant will be subjected to capillary glucose measurement (CGM) every six hours within the first day.

Patients will be separated into 4 groups:

GROUP 1: Normoglycemic cases GROUP 2: Newly diagnosed hyperglycemic cases Group 2a: Unrecognized diabetes, hbA1c: >6.0% Group 2b: Stress hyperglycemia <6.0%. GROUP 3: Known diabetes Age, gender, co-morbidities on admission, adverse outcomes in hospital, duration of stay in coronary ICU, deaths, drugs, and glucose levels will be all recorded.

Throughout the hospital stay of Group 2 and Group 3, CGMs were performed and treated when necessary (target glucose<180mg/dl).

Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE-II); a severity of disease classification system was used for each case.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

Insulin

Location

Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana Medical Center
Adana
Turkey
01250

Status

Completed

Source

Baskent University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:04-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

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A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).

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Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.

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