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Abundance and Distribution of Lipids and Proteins in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

2014-08-27 03:19:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common type of liver disease in the United States. The incidence of NAFLD is very similar to that of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome. The investigators hypothesize that there may be a relationship between over-nutrition, decreased physical activity and the development of fatty liver. The purpose of this study is to identify the types of fats and proteins, and the quantity of each, that are associated with increased severity of NAFLD.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Location

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville
Tennessee
United States
37232

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Vanderbilt University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Fatty liver finding without excessive ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION.

Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.

Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.

Final stage of a liver disease when the liver failure is irreversible and LIVER TRANSPLANTATION is needed.

A perilipin that functions in LIPOGENESIS; LIPOLYSIS; and fatty acid oxidation in BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE; heart, liver, and skeletal muscle. It recruits MITOCHONDRIA to the surface of LIPID DROPLETS where it functions in both the storage of fatty acids as TRIGLYCERIDES, and their release for mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in response to metabolic needs.

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