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Colchicine is a substrate for both cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Verapamil hydrochloride is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and P-gp. This study will evaluate the effect of multiple doses of extended-release verapamil hydrochloride (verapamil HCl ER) on the pharmacokinetic profile of a single 0.6 mg dose of colchicine. A secondary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of this regimen in healthy volunteers. All study subjects will be monitored for adverse events throughout the study period.
Colchicine is a substrate for both cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Verapamil hydrochloride is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and P-gp. This study will evaluate the effect of multiple doses of extended-release verapamil hydrochloride (verapamil HCl ER) on the pharmacokinetic profile of a single 0.6 mg dose of colchicine. On study Day 1 after a fast of at least 10 hours, twenty-four healthy, non-smoking, non-obese, non-pregnant adult volunteers between the ages of 18 and 45 will be given one dose of colchicine (1 x 0.6 mg tablet). Fasting will continue for 4 hours after the dose. Blood samples will be drawn from all participants before dosing and for 24 hours post-dose on a confined basis at times sufficient to adequately define the pharmacokinetics of colchicine. Blood sampling will then continue on a non-confined basis on Days 2-5. After a 14 day washout period, on Day 15 subjects will return to the clinic for dosing of verapamil HCl ER (1 x 240 mg tablet) and a post-dose confinement period of 12 hours. Subjects will return on Days 16-19 for a morning dose of verapamil HCl ER (1 x 240 mg tablet). Verapamil HCl ER doses administered on Days 15-18 will not necessarily be in a fasted state. On the morning of Day 19 after a fast of at least 10 hours, all study participants will receive co-administered single doses of colchicine (1 x 0.6 mg) and verapamil HCl ER (1 x 240 mg). Fasting will continue for 4 hours following these doses and subjects will be confined to the clinic for dosing and for 24 hours after the dose. Blood samples will be drawn at times sufficient to adequately define the pharmacokinetics of colchicine in the presence of verapamil HCL at steady state. Blood sampling will continue on a non-confined basis on Days 20-23. A further goal of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of this regimen in healthy volunteers. Subjects will be monitored throughout participation in the study for adverse reactions to the study drug and/or procedures. Vital signs (blood pressure and pulse) will be measured pre-dose and 1, 2, and 3 hours post-dose on Day 1, pre-dose and 12 hours post-dose on Day 15, and pre-dose and 1, 2 ,3 and 12 hours post-dose on Day 19 to coincide with peak plasma concentrations of both colchicine and verapamil HCl ER. All adverse events whether elicited by query, spontaneously reported, or observed by clinic staff will be evaluated by the Investigator and reported in the subject's case report form.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Colchicine, Verapamil HCl ER, Colchicine
PRACS Institute, Ltd. - Cetero Research
East Grand Forks
Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:06-0400
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A major alkaloid from Colchicum autumnale L. and found also in other Colchicum species. Its primary therapeutic use is in the treatment of gout, but it has been used also in the therapy of familial Mediterranean fever (PERIODIC DISEASE).
A microtubule subunit protein found in large quantities in mammalian brain. It has also been isolated from SPERM FLAGELLUM; CILIA; and other sources. Structurally, the protein is a dimer with a molecular weight of approximately 120,000 and a sedimentation coefficient of 5.8S. It binds to COLCHICINE; VINCRISTINE; and VINBLASTINE.
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