Brief Interventions in General Hospital (BIG)

2014-08-27 03:19:10 | BioPortfolio


Alcohol abuse is a widespread concern internationally with a significant threat to world health. Research suggests a relationship between heavy drinking and certain clinical presentations such as injuries, physical and psychiatric illnesses and frequent sickness absence from employment. This research aims to establish whether brief interventions delivered to harmful and hazardous alcohol drinkers admitted to hospital impacts of their alcohol consumption levels on discharge from hospital.


Purpose To evaluate the effectiveness of brief interventions for hazardous and harmful alcohol abusers admitted to medical and surgical wards at the Southern General Hospital

Evidence for brief interventions in general hospital Further research is required to prove the benefits of brief interventions within general hospital, based on evidence from the Cochrane systematic review 'Brief interventions for heavy alcohol users admitted to general hospital wards' (McQueen et al 2009).

Links with national and international agendas The European Health Target12 supports a reduction in harm from alcohol drugs and tobacco. By the year 2015 the adverse health effects from the consumption of addictive substances such as alcohol should be reduced by all member states (European Health for all targets 1998) The Scottish government has set HEAT (Health improvement, efficacy and governance access and treatment) target for the NHS to deliver 149,449 alcohol brief intervention cumulatively over the period of 2008/9-2010/11 (Scottish Alcohol and Drugs Workforce 2008).

Research Design This study will employ a randomised control trial design. The primary outcome measure will be grams of alcohol consumed per week, measures will be taken at baseline, six months and one year post intervention. Secondary outcomes will consist of brief intervention's impact on hospital re-admission rates, attendance at A&E and mortality rates.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Health Services Research




Brief intervention


Southern General Hospital
United Kingdom
G51 4TF


Not yet recruiting


Partnerships in Care

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:10-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.

Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)

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