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AutoLogous Human CArdiac-Derived Stem Cell to Treat Ischemic cArdiomyopathy (ALCADIA)

2014-07-23 21:12:43 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy on the transplantation of autologous human cardiac-derived stem cells (hCSCs) with the controlled release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to severe refractory heart failure patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy concordance with reduced left ventricular dysfunction (15%≦LVEF≦35%).

Description

Autologous human stem or progenitor cells of different lineage have been subjected to clinical trials in the past to treat patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Although human stem or progenitor cells transplantation had functional benefits in the recovery in experimental myocardial infarction, the major barrier limiting its clinical application is the death of the most of the transplanted cells and poor cardiac differentiation in the host environment. Using the identical technique as clonally cell isolation from experimental animals, we generated human cardiac-derived stem cell (hCSC) enriched Es-marker genes with mesenchymal features. hCSCs included in cell populations accelerating proliferation in the presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on plastic plates are generated from human heart tissues through endomyocardial biopsy. Giving a patient their own hCSCs is an investigational procedure that has been approved by the committee of the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan for this study. hCSCs have excellent potential to proliferate and regenerate to cardiomyocyte compared with other cells, e.g. myoblasts, bone marrow mononuclear cells and bone marrow stem cells, already evaluated in preliminary experiments on the repair of injured heart muscle. bFGF possesses properties to promote stem cell proliferation, and formation of sufficient microvascular network created by bFGF is critical for long-term survival of transplanted donor cells. This will be the first trial on the use of autologous hCSCs for the treatment of refractory heart failure with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy. This trial is translational pilot study for looking into the safety and efficacy on the use of autologous hCSCs with the controlled release of bFGF using a gelatin hydrogel sheet.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Congestive Heart Failure

Intervention

Autologous hCSC intramyocardial injection

Location

Kyoto Prefectural University School of Medicine
Kyoto
Kajii-cho 465, hirokoji-agaru, kawaramachi-dori,kamikyoku
Japan
602-8566

Status

Recruiting

Source

Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:12:43-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

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A semisynthetic digitalis glycoside with the general properties of DIGOXIN but more rapid onset of action. Its cardiotonic action is prolonged by its demethylation to DIGOXIN in the liver. It has been used in the treatment of congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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