Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Scotland has higher rates of suicide than other parts of the UK, an average rate of 15.1 per 100,000 in Scotland compared to 11.4 for England and Wales. The Scottish Government is committed to reducing suicide by 2013. Choose Life has led to staff in services such as Accident and Emergency (A&E) receiving recent training in suicide prevention through ASIST and STORM.
Evidence for interventions specific to A&E setting is limited despite the fact that this is the most likely point of first contact with health services for people at risk of this behaviour. Brief interventions that reduce repetition of self harm have not been particularly effective partly because of poor attendance and lack of focus on comorbidity. We propose to pilot an evaluation of a brief focused intervention, ENGAGE (based on MAnualised Cognitive Therapy,MACT, developed by the investigator (Kate Davidson) and Prof Ulrike Schmidt of the Institute of Psychiatry, London) for those who present at A&E with a suicide attempt and who have a complex presentation - a combination of substance abuse and or personality disorder, all of which are recognized as high risk factors for suicide. ENGAGE will specifically encourage patients to seek appropriate services to meet their mental health needs. This pilot will allow us to assess the feasibility of a full scale study.
This is an exploratory single centre, randomised controlled trial of a complex intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy principles for patients with a recent episode of suicide and who have personality disorder/s and or substance abuse (complex comorbidity). Patients who join the study will be randomly allocated to receive either ENGAGE CBT or Treatment as Usual (TAU). We will compare the effectiveness of ENGAGE with TAU. The primary outcome will be engagement with services − the number of contacts with mental health services (e.g. drug, alcohol and CMHT) in the 3 months following the participant's randomisation.
We will recruit 30 patients seen in the hospital by the Liaison Team with a suicide attempt who score above the threshold for personality disorder and drug or alcohol abuse using SAPAS,AUDIT and DAST assessments. If the patient is interested in the study a research assistant will obtain consent and conduct a baseline interview at which full personality disorder diagnostic status will be confirmed and further psychological measures will be taken. The patient will be randomised to ENGAGE (CBT) or TAU and interviewed again by the research assistant at 3 months post randomisation. The research assistant will be blind to treatment group. Those patients randomised to ENGAGE CBT will receive 6 sessions of the intervention from a CBT therapist. ENGAGE will help patients to identify problems, use problem solving to help prioritise and resolve problems and motivate patients to attend the treatment recommended by the liaison team. The ENGAGE therapist will encourage and, if necessary, facilitate patients with substance abuse and personality disorder to engage in the appropriate NHS services.
TAU - usual treatment is the services that patients may already be involved in or services that the patient has been referred to following the suicide episode.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cognitive behavioural therapy, Standard treatment
NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
University of Glasgow
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:12-0400
The number of people who smoke, have concurrent depression and that seek treatment for smoking cessation has increased in recent years. This implies the need to design intensive and specif...
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is an effective intervention program for children with High-Functioning Autistic Spectrum Disorder to remediate anxiety issues.
To examine the impact of cognitive-behavioural therapy on both the episodic and functional outcome of bipolar disorder, in combination with pharmacotherapy. Primary Hypothesis is twofold:...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) designed to help obese patients lose weight and to maintain their weight losses over t...
The aim of the study was to investigate if the addition of cognitive behavioural therapy to treatment as usual (CBT plus TAU) in participants with borderline personality disorder would dec...
Previous researches have indicated that self-reported positive affect and negative affect is changing in a healthy direction during Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
Among the various complementary therapies for patients with dementia (PwD), cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) and reminiscence therapy (RT) are frequently used to improve cognitive function and qual...
Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is the first-choice treatment in clients with ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis. However, CBT is an umbrella term for a plethora of different strategies, and litt...
To date, most cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) trials for individuals with at-risk metal state (ARMS) have been conducted in few Western countries and its feasibility in other regions, including Ja...
Few studies exist on the long-term effect of treatment of trauma-affected refugees. The purpose of this study was to estimate the long-term treatment effects of cognitive behavioural therapy and antid...
A process in which peripheral blood is exposed in an extracorporeal flow system to photoactivated 8-methoxypsoralen (METHOXSALEN) and ultraviolet light - a procedure known as PUVA THERAPY. Photopheresis is at present a standard therapy for advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma; it shows promise in the treatment of autoimmune diseases.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...