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The primary objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of Avastin in combination with temozolomide and irinotecan in terms of response rate and progression-free survival. The secondary objectives are to describe the overall and progression-free survivals of unresectable patients treated with upfront Avastin, temozolomide and irinotecan and to assess the safety of Avastin, temozolomide and irinotecan in unresectable glioblastoma patients.
This is a phase II study with the combination of Avastin, temozolomide and irinotecan for unresectable or multifocal WHO grade IV malignant glioma patients. Patients will receive up to four cycles of Avastin, temozolomide and irinotecan. Approximately 41 subjects will take part in this study at Duke.
In initial Phase I and II clinical trials, 4 potential Avastin-associated safety signals were identified: hypertension, proteinuria, thromboembolic events, and hemorrhage. Temozolomide's most common toxicity has been mild myelosuppression. Other, less likely, potential toxicities include nausea and vomiting, constipation, headache, alopecia, rash, burning sensation of skin, esophagitis, pain, diarrhea, lethargy, and hepatotoxicity. The two major toxicities for irinotecan are myelosuppression and diarrhea.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Avastin in combination with temozolomide and irinotecan
The Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center at Duke University Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:17-0400
This 2 arm study will compare the effect of Avastin + irinotecan versus temozolomide, in combination with conventional involved field radiotherapy, in patients with newly diagnosed gliobla...
Primary objective: To use overall survival to assess the efficacy of the combination of radiation therapy, temozolomide and Avastin followed by Avastin, temozolomide, and irinotecan in th...
New treatments are greatly needed for patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Metronomic temozolomide is a standard treatment option but has, at best, modest activity. The nanoliposomal irin...
RATIONALE: CT-322 may stop the growth of glioblastoma multiforme by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan, work in different ways to stop the gro...
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide and irinotecan, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from...
Glioblastomas are the most frequently diagnosed and worst primary malignancy of the central nervous system, with very poor prognosis. The first-line anti-glioma drug temozolomide shows decreasing ther...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a rare and deadly disease, with a reported average incidence rate of 3.19 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Fotemustine, a third-generation nitrosourea with an alanine ph...
Non-randomized studies showed that temozolomide (TMZ) achieves an average 10% response rate in heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients with promoter methylation of the DNA repa...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive primary tumour within the brain as well as the most common and lethal cerebral cancer, mainly because of treatment failure. Indeed, tumour recurren...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a poorly curable disease due to its heterogeneity that enables single cells to survive treatment regimen and initiate tumor regrowth. Although some progress in therapy...
Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)
A skin and mucous membrane disease characterized by an eruption of macules, papules, nodules, vesicles, and/or bullae with characteristic "bull's-eye" lesions usually occurring on the dorsal aspect of the hands and forearms.
A variant of bullous erythema multiforme. It ranges from mild skin and mucous membrane lesions to a severe, sometimes fatal systemic disorder. Ocular symptoms include ulcerative conjunctivitis, keratitis, iritis, uveitis, and sometimes blindness. The cause of the disease is unknown.
A malignant form of astrocytoma histologically characterized by pleomorphism of cells, nuclear atypia, microhemorrhage, and necrosis. They may arise in any region of the central nervous system, with a predilection for the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, and commissural pathways. Clinical presentation most frequently occurs in the fifth or sixth decade of life with focal neurologic signs or seizures.
Condition characterized by large, rapidly extending, erythematous, tender plaques on the upper body usually accompanied by fever and dermal infiltration of neutrophilic leukocytes. It occurs mostly in middle-aged women, is often preceded by an upper respiratory infection, and clinically resembles ERYTHEMA MULTIFORME. Sweet syndrome is associated with LEUKEMIA.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...