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This study is designed to define groups of patients (among patients with a heart or kidney graft or a glomerular disease and nephrotic range proteinuria) who would either not profit from a therapy with mycophenolate-mofetil (MMF) or need a higher than conventional dose to respond.
Mainly there are 2 possible explanations for inter-patient differences in responsiveness to MMF therapy:
1. Based on a mutation (in this study single nucleotide polymorphisms-SNPs-) in the inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 (IMPDH 2) transcript as the target enzyme of mycophenolic acid (MPA) pathway, MMF cannot exert its effect.
2. Based on a high enzyme activity of IMPDH 2 a higher MMF dose than in the conventional regimens is needed.
To study the significance of these possible explanations there are 4 objectives in this study:
Objective 1: Since there are no data on SNPs with functional relevance in IMPDH 2 transcript, we will first sequence all 14 exons of this gene in their entirety in 100 gender and age matched healthy individuals.
Objective 2: The functional relevance of a detected SNP will be tested in vitro in a lymphocyte proliferation assay using various MPA concentrations.
Objective 3: These functionally relevant SNPs will be searched in patients with kidney graft in a retrospective as well as prospective manner.
Objective 4: Parallel to the genotyping experiments, IMPDH 2 activity and MPA plasma levels will be measured in all patients recruited in the study prospectively.
An association between these SNPs or various IMPDH 2 activity / MPA plasma levels with MMF responsiveness will be examined.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Patients With a Renal Graft
Department of Medicine III, Division of Nephrology
Not yet recruiting
Medical University of Vienna
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:17-0400
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