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Purpose and Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine if the rate of spontaneous pleurodesis using the Pleurx® catheter could be increased by simply increasing the frequency of pleural drainage and, if so, whether catheter-related complications can be minimized and spare patients the need for long term management of the Pleurx® catheter.
Study Population: Patients greater than 18 years of age with malignant pleural effusions will be identified and approached in clinic by the Principle and Co-Investigator. Informed consent will be obtained from qualified and interested patients.
Study Activities: Patients will be randomized to standard and aggressive drainage groups and complete questionnaires regarding their health. Patients will then receive the Pleurx® catheter for standard treatment of their malignant pleural effusions, obtain a chest-xray, and receive educational instruction and training on catheter drainage and told whether to drain everyday using a 1-liter bottle or every other day using a 600-cc bottle. Patients will complete a drainage diary on everyday they drain fluid which will provide information on drainage volume, fluid color, pain, and complications. At 2 weeks, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks post catheter placement, patients will return to clinic for follow-up at which time they will have an interval history and physical and chest xray and complete a questionnaires regarding their health and satisfaction.
Risks/Safety Issues: Risks associated with draining the catheter include: pneumothorax, re-expansion pulmonary edema, hypotension, circulatory collapse, and infection. All serious adverse events will be reported to the institutional review board: a) death - immediately; b) life-threatening within 7 calendar days; c) all other SAEs within 15 calendar days. Should there be a serious adverse event that occurs that increases the risk to the participants, the study will be stopped, an investigation will be conducted, and a findings report will be generated before the study is resumed.
Data Analysis: The principal endpoint is the incidence of successful pleurodesis utilizing an aggressive drainage protocol compared to the incidence of successful pleurodesis using a standard drainage protocol. An interim analysis will be performed after 3 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Pleural Effusion, Malignant
Standard Drainage Instructions, Aggressive Drainage Instructions
National Jewish Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:17-0400
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