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In multiple sclerosis (MS) sub cortical cognitive impairments are frequently reported. Nevertheless, cortical cognitive troubles, with hippocampic memory troubles have been described. Besides inflammatory damage, early cortical and degenerative damage are well known. In neurodegenerative diseases, three biomarkers of the cerebro spinal fluid (CSF), reflecting lesional mechanisms, are measured: the beta amyloide peptide, the tau total protein, and the phospho tau protein. Preliminary studies shown increased level of tau in MS. No study compare cognitive impairment and biomarkers of CSF.The aim of this study is to measure in the CSF of MS patients these three biomarkers (beta amyloide peptide, tau total and phosphotau) in order to establish correlations between a profile of biomarkers and a pattern of cognitive troubles, cortical or subcortical.The possibility to show, in MS patients with memory hippocampic troubles, a profile of biomarkers closed from the one encountered in AD, could argue in support of the degenerative hypothesis in MS and lead to discuss the interest of the use of AD treatment in MS.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Cognitive impairment of multiple sclerosis
CHU de Nantes
Nantes University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:11:30-0400
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This study is designed to determine whether memantine is an effective treatment for memory and cognitive problems associated with multiple sclerosis when compared to placebo.
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A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
A syndrome characterized by DYSARTHRIA, dysphagia, dysphonia, impairment of voluntary movements of tongue and facial muscles, and emotional lability. This condition is caused by diseases that affect the motor fibers that travel from the cerebral cortex to the lower BRAIN STEM (i.e., corticobulbar tracts); including MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; and CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)