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Assessment of Older Adults With Cancer: Feasibility of Computer Survey Methodology

2014-08-27 03:19:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the possibility of using a computer-based survey to gather information from older patients and their caregivers about the patient's daily activities, need for assistance, other medical problems, mood, nutrition and symptoms. Researchers will evaluate how many subjects are able to complete the survey on their own and the length of time needed to do so. Also, researchers will analyze the types of responses to each item and whether subjects are satisfied with the questionnaire.

Description

Patients older than age 65, in comparison to those younger than 65, have an 11-fold increased cancer incidence and a 16-fold increase in cancer mortality. The population at risk is growing rapidly: the number of adults age 65 and older is expected to double in the next 30 years. In order to adequately care for this growing population of older adults, oncologists need an assessment tool that provides information regarding an older individual's "functional age" in comparison to their "chronological age." The technology of geriatric assessment could potentially help identify those older adults who are more vulnerable to complications from cancer treatment. This inter-disciplinary assessment provides information regarding the patient's functional status, comorbid medical conditions, other medications, nutritional status, psychological state, social support, and cognition.

Hurria and colleagues developed a geriatric assessment for older adults with cancer, which includes well validated measures of functional status, comorbid medical conditions, nutritional status, psychological state, cognitive function, social activity, and social support. Pilot data demonstrates the feasibility of this assessment which can be completed in less than 30 minutes; however, this assessment is completed by "pencil and paper" and requires an interviewer to deliver and score the assessment.

Loscalzo, Clark, and colleagues have developed a computer methodology in order to assess the needs of patients with cancer of all ages. The assessment is completed by the patients and a scoring algorithm is developed to provide a summary of the patient's needs for the healthcare team. This assessment is highly successful at identifying the needs of patients of all ages.

In this protocol, we will merge the research interests of Hurria, Loscalzo, and Clark by developing a computer survey program to capture the physical and psychological needs of older adults with cancer. The goal of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of computer survey methodology among older adults with cancer. For the purposes of this protocol we will accrue patients with lymphoma and lung cancer.

Schema:

1. Identify an older adult (age 65 and older) with lymphoma or lung cancer.

2. Describe the study to the patient: patient consents or refuses.

3. Consenting patients complete the geriatric assessment via a computer survey.

4. The following feasibility data will be captured: length of time to complete the assessment, patient's need for assistance to complete the assessment, satisfaction with the use of computer survey methodology to complete the assessment.

5. The primary caretaker (if available) will be invited to participate in the protocol and complete a caregiver's survey of the patient's needs and questions about caregiver burden.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Assessment, Geriatric

Location

City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte
California
United States
91010

Status

Recruiting

Source

City of Hope Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:18-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.

Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.

Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.

Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.

An office established to help Congress participate and plan for the consequences of uses of technology. It provided information on both the beneficial and adverse effects of technological applications. The Office of Technology Assessment closed on September 29, 1995.

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