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Carbetocin Versus Oxytocin and Hemodynamic Effects

2014-08-27 03:19:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

A randomized double-blind trial of oxytocin 5 u, carbetocin 100 µg and placebo with hemodynamic response as a primary outcome measure.

Description

Healthy pregnant women sheduled for elective cesarean section. Invasive hemodynmaic monitoring with LiDCO Plus.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pregnancy, Anesthesia

Intervention

carbetocin 100 µg, oxytocin 5 u, placebo (NaCl)

Location

Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet
Oslo
Norway
0027

Status

Recruiting

Source

Rikshospitalet HF

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:18-0400

Clinical Trials [1934 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Clinical Carbetocin Myocardium Trial

Randomized comparison of different cardiotoxicity of carbetocin and oxytocin.

Analgesic Effect of Oxytocin Receptor Modulation

Carbetocin is a synthetic analogue of the hormone Oxytocin and is routinely used in obstetric anesthesiology to control uterine bleeding after cesarean section. As an incidental finding, w...

Effect of the Uterotonic Carbetocin on Acute Post Cesarean-Section Pain

Carbetocin is an oxytocin agonist used for prevention of postpartum bleeding after cesarean delivery. First studies revealed in 2012 an analgesic effect of carbetocin, compared to its pare...

Misoprostol+Oxytocin vs. Carbetocin in CS

This prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial will be conducted at Ain-Shams University Maternity Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. Patients eligible for elective lower segment cesarean se...

Carbetocin Versus Oxytocin and Ergometrine for the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage

The cesarean section is a bloody operation, about 750 to 1000 ml are lost at most operations and over 1000 ml of blood have lost to bring them into the definition of a postpartum hemorrhag...

PubMed Articles [4636 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Enhancing placebo effects in somatic symptoms through oxytocin.

Placebo effects relieve various somatic symptoms but it is unclear how they can be enhanced in order to maximize positive treatment outcomes. Oxytocin administration may potentially enhance placebo ef...

Heat-Stable Carbetocin versus Oxytocin to Prevent Hemorrhage after Vaginal Birth.

Background Postpartum hemorrhage is the most common cause of maternal death. Oxytocin is the standard therapy for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage, but it requires cold storage, which is not av...

Saliva oxytocin measures do not reflect peripheral plasma concentrations after intranasal oxytocin administration in men.

Oxytocin plays an important role in social behavior. Thus, there has been significant research interest for the role of the oxytocin system in several psychiatric disorders, and the potential of intra...

The Effect of Intermittent Oxytocin Pretreatment on Oxytocin-Induced Contractility of Human Myometrium In Vitro.

Prolonged continuous oxytocin administration during labor may induce oxytocin receptor desensitization, which attenuates the response of the myometrium to further oxytocin, increasing the risk of post...

Cost-effectiveness of Carbetocin versus Oxytocin for Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Resulting from Uterine Atony in Women at high-risk for bleeding in Colombia.

 To assess the cost-effectiveness of carbetocin versus oxytocin for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) due to uterine atony after vaginal delivery/cesarean section in women with risk factors ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Cell surface proteins that bind oxytocin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. Oxytocin receptors in the uterus and the mammary glands mediate the hormone's stimulation of contraction and milk ejection. The presence of oxytocin and oxytocin receptors in neurons of the brain probably reflects an additional role as a neurotransmitter.

A nonapeptide hormone released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). It differs from VASOPRESSIN by two amino acids at residues 3 and 8. Oxytocin acts on SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, such as causing UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION.

Carrier proteins for OXYTOCIN and VASOPRESSIN. They are polypeptides of about 10-kDa, synthesized in the HYPOTHALAMUS. Neurophysin I is associated with oxytocin and neurophysin II is associated with vasopressin in their respective precursors and during transportation down the axons to the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR).

Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)

Abnormally slow pace of regaining CONSCIOUSNESS after general anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, GENERAL) usually given during surgical procedures. This condition is characterized by persistent somnolence.

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