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A number of studies suggest that training to increase different types of brain waves is related to pain relief. The purpose of the second phase of this study is to see if neurofeedback training might help people with chronic pain control their pain better. The information from the study may help the investigators treat chronic pain better in the future.
During this phase of the study, research personnel will provide up to 15 of the subjects with SCI and chronic below injury level neuropathic pain with a full course (up to 40 sessions) of NF training to determine the effects of this treatment on (a) chronic daily neuropathic pain, (b) EEG-assessed frequency band amplitudes, and (c) other measures of quality of life (specifically, sleep quality, fatigue, and pain interference).
Standard NF training procedures will be used that involve simply asking participants to relax while looking at the feedback screen and to "Do whatever is necessary to make and keep the color bar wide." EEG bandwidth activity that is associated with being pain-free or with experiencing less pain will be reinforced. This protocol will be repeated for up to 40 30-minute sessions, scheduled at least weekly (but more often if the participant and study PI can arrange this with their schedules. Brain wave activity will be measured twice during the study: once before treatment begins, and once after treatment ends. Research staff will collect data regarding pain intensity and quality of life from subjects via the telephone three times: before treatment, immediately after treatment, and three months after treatment ends.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Spinal Cord Injuries
University of Washington
Not yet recruiting
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:19-0400
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Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
A syndrome associated with damage to the spinal cord above the mid thoracic level (see SPINAL CORD INJURIES) characterized by a marked increase in the sympathetic response to minor stimuli such as bladder or rectal distention. Manifestations include HYPERTENSION; TACHYCARDIA (or reflex bradycardia); FEVER; FLUSHING; and HYPERHIDROSIS. Extreme hypertension may be associated with a STROKE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp538 and 1232; J Spinal Cord Med 1997;20(3):355-60)
Longitudinal cavities in the spinal cord, most often in the cervical region, which may extend for multiple spinal levels. The cavities are lined by dense, gliogenous tissue and may be associated with SPINAL CORD NEOPLASMS; spinal cord traumatic injuries; and vascular malformations. Syringomyelia is marked clinically by pain and PARESTHESIA, muscular atrophy of the hands, and analgesia with thermoanesthesia of the hands and arms, but with the tactile sense preserved (sensory dissociation). Lower extremity spasticity and incontinence may also develop. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1269)
Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.
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Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...