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Diastolic Dysfunction in Aortic Regurgitation

2014-07-23 21:13:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Follow-up study in patients with severe aortic regurgitation after successful valve replacement. Systolic and diastolic function were assessed and persistent diastolic dysfunction was observed late (7-10 years) after operation.

Description

Background

Patients with severe aortic regurgitation show eccentric LV hypertrophy and structural changes of the myocardium. Reversibility of functional and structural changes after successful valve replacement may be limited. Persistent diastolic dysfunction has been observed in the present study late after aortic valve replacement. This finding has been explained by incomplete regression of the extra-cellular matrix 7 years after valve replacement. Interstitial fibrosis remains unchanged compared to the preoperative situation but was increased early after operation due to the reduction in LV muscle mass. Regression of LV hypertrophy was 40% after 2 and 55% after 7 years of valve replacement. Myocardial muscle fibers decreased slightly but remained hypertrophied even late after operation. Interstitital fibrosis was found to be positively correlated to myocardial stiffness and inversely to LV ejection fraction.

Thus, persistent diastolic dysfunction with maintained systolic ejection performance can be observed late after successful valve replacement in patients with severe aortic regurgitation. Altered diastolic function has been associated with increased filling pressures during strenuous exercise with signs of dyspnea.

Objective

Evaluation of myocardial structure and function in patients with chronic volume overload before and after valve replacement(LV-remodeling).

Methods

Pressure-volume measurements and myocardial biopsy samples for assessing myocardial function and structure.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Aortic Regurgitation

Intervention

Aortic Valve Replacement

Location

Division of Cardiology
Zürich
Switzerland
8091

Status

Completed

Source

University of Bern

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:13:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical treatment for severe AORTIC VALVE STENOSIS. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is used as an alternative option in patients who are deemed at high risk or inoperable for traditional open-heart surgery.

The downward displacement of the cuspal or pointed end of the trileaflet AORTIC VALVE causing misalignment of the cusps. Severe valve distortion can cause leakage and allow the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to aortic regurgitation.

Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).

A type of constriction that is caused by the presence of a fibrous ring (discrete type) below the AORTIC VALVE, anywhere between the aortic valve and the MITRAL VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.

A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.

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