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Long-term Comparison of Stenting Versus Off-pump Coronary Bypass Surgery

2014-08-27 03:19:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The randomized comparison of two strategies in coronary revascularization: bypass surgery without the use of a heart lung machine and coronary stenting procedure.

The comparison comprised the occurrence of cardiac adverse events after the procedure. In addition, costs, cognitive outcomes and angiography were assessed.

Description

Coronary artery bypass surgery with use of the heart lung machine (on-pump surgery), is associated with the risk of peri-operative complications such as death, stroke, myocardial infarction, neurocognitive decline, and extended hospitalization. Bypass surgery on the beating heart without the use of the heart lung machine (off-pump surgery) has been reintroduced in clinical practice in order to reduce these complications. The Octopus cardiac wall stabilizer, developed at the UMC Utrecht, facilitates the safe construction of the grafts during the off-pump procedure. The expected advantages of off-pump surgery e.g. less-invasiveness, complete arterial revascularization, faster recovery and lower costs were the basis for the Octostent trial. We hypothesized that the off-pump surgical technique might offer an alternative for angioplasty with bare-metal stent-implantation.

The current study was designed as a randomized controlled multicenter trial comparing two strategies.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Intervention

Coronary Revascularization

Location

UMC Utrecht
Utrecht
Netherlands

Status

Completed

Source

UMC Utrecht

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

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