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The LETS Study: A Longitudinal Evaluation of Transition Services

2014-08-27 03:19:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This project will describe and evaluate the impact of a unique partnership model designed to coordinate transfer of care by formally linking pediatric and adult heath care services. The experiences of young people receiving this model of care will be compared and contrasted against the experiences of young people receiving the current standard of care. Young people with a diagnosis of CP, ABIc, and SB will be followed during the transition period. Preparation for transition, health care, and transfer of care service delivery will be detailed in a process evaluation. An outcome evaluation will measure the ability of the two models of service to enable youth to maintain continuity within the health care system after transitioning from pediatric to adult care. Secondary outcomes, including how health, well-being, social participation, transition readiness, and health care utilization are affected will also be explored.

Description

Due to advances in medical treatment, most children with disabilities such as cerebral palsy or acquired brain injury can expect to live normal lifespans. As children, these individuals are cared for by expert healthcare providers working in coordinated teams in specialized pediatric settings. As these children reach adulthood, the availability of services and expertise drops dramatically because the adult health care system has not evolved to meet their specialized needs. In addition, transitioning from pediatric to adult services is often very difficult and stressful. Young people and their families must leave familiar healthcare settings and providers, and secure care in unfamiliar adult health care environments.

This proposed project will describe and evaluate the impact of a unique partnership model designed to coordinate transfer of care by formally linking pediatric and adult health care services. The LIFEspan model aims to (a) prepare youth and their families to adapt to adult healthcare provision, (b) provide a coordinated transfer process from pediatric to adult providers, and (c) establish sustainable access and appropriate adult care. The project will detail the specific service delivery that occurs with respect to preparation for transition and transfer of care in a process evaluation. An outcome evaluation will measure the effectiveness of the model in terms of its abilities to enable youth to maintain continuity within the health care system after transitioning from pediatric to adult care. Secondary outcomes, including how health, well-being, social participation, transition readiness, and health care utilization are affected by the LIFEspan model, will also be explored.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Cerebral Palsy

Location

Bloorview Kids Rehab
Toronto
Ontario
Canada
M4G 1R8

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Bloorview Kids Rehab

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:24-0400

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PubMed Articles [1944 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

CEREBRAL PALSY AT THE AGE OF MODERN OBSTETRICS: ANCIENT BELIEFS VERSUS SOLID FACTS.

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Hip Surveillance for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Survey of the POSNA Membership.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)

Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)

A familial, cerebral arteriopathy mapped to chromosome 19q12, and characterized by the presence of granular deposits in small CEREBRAL ARTERIES producing ischemic STROKE; PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; and multiple subcortical infarcts (CEREBRAL INFARCTION). CADASIL is an acronym for Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. CADASIL differs from BINSWANGER DISEASE by the presence of MIGRAINE WITH AURA and usually by the lack of history of arterial HYPERTENSION. (From Bradley et al, Neurology in Clinical Practice, 2000, p1146)

A rare central nervous system demyelinating condition affecting children and young adults. Pathologic findings include a large, sharply defined, asymmetric focus of myelin destruction that may involve an entire lobe or cerebral hemisphere. The clinical course tends to be progressive and includes dementia, cortical blindness, cortical deafness, spastic hemiplegia, and pseudobulbar palsy. Concentric sclerosis of Balo is differentiated from diffuse cerebral sclerosis of Schilder by the pathologic finding of alternating bands of destruction and preservation of myelin in concentric rings. Alpers' Syndrome refers to a heterogeneous group of diseases that feature progressive cerebral deterioration and liver disease. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p914; Dev Neurosci 1991;13(4-5):267-73)

Loss of higher cortical functions with retained awareness due to multiple cortical or subcortical CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Memory, judgment, attention span, and impulse control are often impaired, and may be accompanied by PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; HEMIPARESIS; reflex abnormalities, and other signs of localized neurologic dysfunction. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1060)

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