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Retinal Function in Relation to Long Term Changes in the Glucose Level

2014-08-27 03:19:30 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to measure the amplitude and implicit time of electroretinogram (ERG), darkadaptation and the calibre of retinal vessels before and after optimized medical treatment of diabetic individuals (a lower blood glucose level) over a period of 12 months. Newly diagnosed type 1 and type 2 diabetics as well as dysregulated type 1 and type 2 diabetic individuals will be included. Retinal vessel calibre measurements will be used as an estimation of changes in the retinal perfusion.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

Insulin pump

Location

Glostrup Hospital
Glostrup
Denmark
2600

Status

Recruiting

Source

Glostrup University Hospital, Copenhagen

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:30-0400

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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

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A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).

A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).

Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.

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