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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, and prednisolone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) together with rituximab may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying giving gemcitabine hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, and prednisolone together with rituximab to see how well it works in treating patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
- To determine whether rituximab, in combination with non-cardiotoxic chemotherapy comprising gemcitabine hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, and prednisolone, is efficacious in a group of patients who are unfit for CHOP chemotherapy.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8; cyclophosphamide IV, vincristine sulfate IV, and rituximab IV on day 1; and oral prednisolone once daily on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 1 year.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
rituximab, cyclophosphamide, gemcitabine hydrochloride, prednisolone, vincristine sulfate
Sussex Cancer Centre at Royal Sussex County Hospital
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:32-0400
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Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
A murine-derived monoclonal antibody and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that binds specifically to the CD20 ANTIGEN and is used in the treatment of LEUKEMIA; LYMPHOMA and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 220.127.116.11.
A nitrogen mustard compound that functions as an ALKYLATING ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT and is used in the treatment of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA and NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA.
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