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This study investigated a 4-week adjunctive therapy of either a GLP-1 analog (exenatide), or a DPP-4 inhibitor (sitagliptin), given to a basal insulin analog (insulin glargine), and their effect on blood glucose control, versus insulin glargine alone as active comparator in type 2 diabetes.
Due to the different mechanisms of action of the long-acting insulin analog insulin glargine and both a GLP-1 analog (exenatide) and a DPP-4-inhibitor (sitagliptin), it could be a promising approach to combine insulin glargine with either exenatide or sitagliptin for optimum control of fasting and postprandial blood glucose values. Thus, in the present study the influence of either exenatide or sitagliptin as a 4-week adjunctive therapy to a basal insulin (insulin glargine) was investigated versus insulin glargine alone as active comparator in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Preexisting metformin was continued, sulfonylureas, if any, were stopped. In particular, the effects on postprandial blood glucose excursion following ingestion of a standard breakfast, assessed after 4 weeks of treatment, the effects on mean daily blood glucose, on self-measured 7-point profiles, the percentage of subjects reaching ADA treatment goals (HbA1c < 7.0%) at the end of treatment, on fasting lipid profile, on HOMA index, weight, hypoglycemic episodes and general safety were assessed. The study consisted of a screening visit, a 4-8 week (depending on pre-treatment) run-in period, a 4-week treatment period, and a follow-up visit. There were weekly visits at the site and twice weekly telephone contacts.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes
insulin glargine + exenatide + preexisting metformin, insulin glargine + sitagliptin + preexisting metformin, insulin glargine + preexisting metformin
Profil Institut für Stoffwechselforschung GmbH
Profil Institut für Stoffwechselforschung GmbH
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:32-0400
The primary purpose of this study is to compare the effect on 24-hour blood glucose patterns, HbA1c, and weight management when adding insulin glargine, or exenatide, or a combination of i...
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A recombinant LONG ACTING INSULIN and HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENT that is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE in patients with DIABETES MELLITUS.
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)