Advertisement

Topics

Chewing Gum for Weight Loss

2014-08-27 03:19:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a randomized controlled trial of the effects of chewing gum on body weight. The investigators will randomly assign 200 overweight or mildly obese adults to one of two groups. Participants must be otherwise healthy and ages 19-50. The control group will receive only printed information on optimal diet and increasing physical activity. The intervention group will be instructed to chew gum following meals and in place of snacks for a minimum of 90 minutes per day. The intervention group also will receive the same information on optimal diet and increasing physical activity as the control group. In this 8-week intervention, the primary outcome will be change in body weight, and secondary outcomes will be changes in body mass income (BMI), waist circumference, and blood pressure. The protocol includes 3 clinic visits to assess outcomes: baseline, 4 weeks after randomization, and 8 weeks after randomization. Adherence to the gum chewing protocol will be assessed at clinic visits and during 2 telephone calls at 2 weeks and 6 weeks post-randomization. The investigators' hypothesis is that gum-chewers will lose more weight than those who receive information only.

Description

In this randomized controlled trial of the effects of chewing gum on body weight, we will randomly assign 200 overweight or mildly obese, but otherwise healthy adults (men and women, ages 19 to 50), to one of two groups: 1) a control group, which will receive printed information on optimal diet and increasing physical activity only, or 2) an intervention group, in which participants will be instructed to chew gum following meals and in place of snacks for a minimum of 90 minutes per day, in addition to receiving the same information on optimal diet and increasing physical activity as the control group. In this 8-week intervention, the primary outcome will be change in body weight, and secondary outcomes will be changes in body mass income (BMI), waist circumference, and blood pressure. Outcome measures will be assessed in both groups via clinic visits at baseline, 4 weeks post-randomization, and 8 weeks post-randomization. Adherence to the gum chewing protocol will be assessed at the clinic visits, as well as during telephone contacts at 2 weeks and 6 weeks post-randomization. The effects of the chewing gum intervention will be assessed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), wherein treatment assignment is the independent variable; the outcome measures described above will serve as dependent variables; and pre-randomization factors such as age, sex, and baseline BMI will be used as covariates. Our hypothesis is that those randomized to the intervention group will lowe more weight than those randomized to the control group.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Obesity

Intervention

Extra sugar-free chewing gum sticks, nutrition brochure

Location

University of Alabama at Birmingham Division of Preventive Medicine
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35205

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:32-0400

Clinical Trials [1872 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Re-mineralization Effects of Sugar Free Chewing Gum Sweetened With Different Sugar-substitutes

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical effect of chewing gum containing maltitol, on re-mineralization of early caries following daily chewing for 6 months by school childre...

The Use of Chewing Gum for Xerostomia and Hyposalivation After Radiotherapy for Oral and Oropharyngeal Tumors

This study evaluates the possible benefits of a tasteless and sugar free chewing gum as a salivary stimulant for head and neck cancer patients treated with curative intended radiotherapy.

Prevention of Ileus After Gynecologic Surgery Using Chewing Gum

This study will attempt to determine if the use of chewing gum can cause the early return of bowel function after gynecologic surgery.

Comparing Over-the-counter Dry Mouth Remedies After Radiation

The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of over-the-counter remedies for dry mouth.

Glycaemic Response to Oral Nutrition Support During Haemodialysis

Patients with kidney, or renal, failure require life-saving treatment with regular dialysis. Dialysis is a form of treatment that simulates some kidney functions; to remove harmful waste p...

PubMed Articles [10643 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Gradual reduction of free sugars in beverages on sale by implementing the beverage checklist as a public health strategy.

Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major source of free sugar intake and contribute to obesity and obesity-related diseases. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of a gradual sugar reduction strategy...

The Importance of the World Health Organization Sugar Guidelines for Dental Health and Obesity Prevention.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a reduced intake of free sugars throughout the life course (strong recommendation) with a reduction of free sugars intake to less than 10% of the total e...

Association between number of pairs of opposing posterior teeth, metabolic syndrome, and obesity.

We investigated the relationship between the number of pairs of posterior teeth and metabolic syndrome (MetS), abdominal obesity (AO), and obesity, among Japanese adults. In 2005, 2,807 Japanese adult...

Stress-related laboratory eating behavior in adults with obesity and healthy weight.

Stress is an important factor in the progression of irregular eating patterns and has an additional exacerbating impact in people with overweight and obesity. Therefore, in this study, the chewing and...

Influence of Mothers' Nutrition Knowledge and Attitudes on Their Purchase Intention for Infant Cereal with No Added Sugar Claim.

A higher sugar intake in infancy might result in a predisposition to a higher sugar intake in later childhood. In Taiwan, many commercial infant and toddler foods with nutrition claims have high sugar...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

A sympathomimetic agent with properties similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. It is used in the treatment of obesity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1222)

Chewing gum which contains NICOTINE.

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES, as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease in animals.

More From BioPortfolio on "Chewing Gum for Weight Loss"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Obesity
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Trial