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The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether men and women respond differently to seeing items related to cocaine use or to remembering stressful events. Four groups of individuals will be recruited to participate in this study: men with cocaine dependence, women with cocaine dependence, men without cocaine dependence, and women without cocaine dependence.
Hypothesis #1: Cocaine-dependent women will demonstrate smaller increases in neuroendocrine, but greater increases in heart rate and more cocaine craving and subjective distress when exposed to stress as compared to cocaine-dependent men and non cocaine-dependent men and women.
Hypothesis #2: Cocaine-dependent men will demonstrate greater increases in neuroendocrine, but greater increases in heart rate and more cocaine craving and subjective distress when exposed to cocaine-related cues as compared to cocaine-dependent women and non cocaine-dependent men and women.
Hypothesis #3: Cocaine-dependent women will demonstrate greater increases in heart rate and more cocaine craving and subjective distress when exposed to stress inducing stimuli as compared to their own responses to a cocaine-related cue.
Hypothesis #4: The neuroendocrine response to a stress hormone (corticotropin releasing hormone; CRH) will be greater in cocaine-dependent women as compared to cocaine-dependent men.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
MUSC-Clinical Neurosciences Division
Medical University of South Carolina
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:11:39-0400
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The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.
SMOKING of COCAINE.
Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
Strong physiological and emotional dependence on OPIUM.
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