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The purpose of the study is to compare the effects of per-operative local infiltration analgesia with ropivacaine 0,2 % (150 ML) versus placebo on acute postoperative pain intensity after total hip arthroplasty.
The hypothesis is that local infiltration analgesia reduces the acute postoperative pain intensity.
In spite of being one of the last century's most successful surgical procedures in treatment of advanced osteoarthritis total hip arthroplasty is still associated with postoperative pain and delayed rehabilitation. We therefore decided to evaluate the effects of per-operative local infiltration analgesia with ropivacaine 0,2 % (150 ML) versus placebo on acute postoperative pain intensity in a well defined, multimodal, fast-track setup after hip arthroplasty. The technique is widely used as standard treatment in many European centers despite its limited evidence.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Hvidovre University Hospital
Hvidovre University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:38-0400
A randomized controlled trial to determine if pre- and post- operative regional pain control (transversus abdominis plane block) with ropivacaine versus placebo leads to lower anesthetic a...
Comparative study of Ropivacaine and Ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine in transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for post-operative analgesia in patients undergoing Caesarean Section.
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A benzyl-indazole having analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used to reduce post-surgical and post-traumatic pain and edema and to promote healing. It is also used topically in treatment of RHEUMATIC DISEASES and INFLAMMATION of the mouth and throat.
Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
Intraoperative computer-assisted 3D navigation and guidance system generally used in neurosurgery for tracking surgical tools and localize them with respect to the patient's 3D anatomy. The pre-operative diagnostic scan is used as a reference and is transferred onto the operative field during surgery.
Bacterial infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space, frequently involving the cerebral cortex, cranial nerves, cerebral blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots. The type of causative organism varies with age and clinical status (e.g., post-operative, immunodeficient, or post-traumatic states). Clinical manifestations include the acute onset of fever, stiff neck, altered mentation, seizures, and focal neurologic deficits. Death may occur within 24 hours of disease onset. Pathologic features include a purulent exudate in the subarachnoid space, and diffuse inflammation of neural and vascular structures. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, pp1-5)
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Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...