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Recombinant Streptokinase Versus Urokinase in Pulmonary Embolism in China (RESUPEC)

2014-08-27 03:19:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Recombinant streptokinase (r-SK) is an effective thrombolytic agent developed with gene engineering. Its characteristics of high output and low production cost make it affordable in treating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in developing countries. It is unclear whether r-SK can be used in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of 1.5 million IU r-SK by 2 hours infusion and 20,000 IU/kg urokinase (UK) by 2 hours infusion in selected PE patients.

Description

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common cardiovascular illness. Massive PE is characterized with cardiogenic shock and/or persistent arterial hypotension. Submassive PE patients are defined with right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) identified by echocardiography or CT and the etc. The mortality of massive and submassive PE is higher than low-risk PE. PE has the mortality rate of >15% in the first 3 months after diagnosis. Thrombolytic treatment should be commenced as soon as possible after high-risk PE was diagnosed. Thrombolysis has been proved to be the most rapid and effective therapy to reduce the obstruction of pulmonary circulation and normalize hemodynamic parameters. The ultimate goals of thrombolytic therapy for this disease are to minimize early morbidity and mortality and to prevent recurrence without provoking excessive bleeding.

Currently, the choice of thrombolytic agents and regimens (SK, UK or rt-PA) is mostly based on personal or regional preferences. A novel dosing regimen of UK (3 million IU/2h, or 4400 IU/kg as a loading dose followed by 4400 IU/kg/h over 12h) and SK (1.5 million IU /2h) have been recommended in ESC guidelines. Considering lower body weight in Chinese population, a relative lower dosage UK-2h (20,000 IU/kg) regimen combined with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) has been used in Chinese population. Our previous study has revealed that the efficacy and safety of UK-2h (20 000 IU/Kg) were similar with UK-12h (standard regimen) in Chinese patients. Thus the UK-2h (20,000 IU/Kg) became a popular and alternative choice in treating PE in China for its lower cost and convenience. Natural streptokinase (n-SK or SK) is an old thrombolytic agent. However, its immunogenicity lowers its safety and that constitute a concern among doctors. In recent years, as the development of gene engineering, r-SK was produced. R-SK has the advantage of not containing streptolysin and streptodornase unlike streptococci-derived n-SK which might make it safer theoretically. For its low cost, r-SK has been used to treat AMI especially in developing countries. In this study, the efficacy and safety between r-SK (1.5 million IU/2h) and UK-2h (20 000U/Kg) for treating acute PE will be compared. The study is conducted in patients with massive PE and submassive PE. The clinical efficacy, emboli dissolving efficacy and safety will be evaluated.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pulmonary Embolism

Intervention

Recombinant Streptokinase, Urokinase

Location

Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Chao-Yang hospital
Beijing
Beijing
China
100020

Status

Completed

Source

Beijing Chao Yang Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:38-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.

An acylated inactive complex of streptokinase and human lysine-plasminogen. After injection, the acyl group is slowly hydrolyzed, producing an activator that converts plasminogen to plasmin, thereby initiating fibrinolysis. Its half-life is about 90 minutes compared to 5 minutes for TPA; (TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR); 16 minutes for UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR and 23 minutes for STREPTOKINASE. If treatment is initiated within 3 hours of onset of symptoms for acute myocardial infarction, the drug preserves myocardial tissue and left ventricular function and increases coronary artery patency. Bleeding complications are similar to other thrombolytic agents.

Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.

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An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.

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