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Study of Tissue Samples From Patients With Glioma or Other Brain Tumors

2014-08-27 03:19:44 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Studying the genes expressed in samples of tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors predict how patients will respond to treatment.

PURPOSE: This research study is looking at tissue samples from patients with glioma or other brain tumors.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To better understand the pathophysiology of gliomas and identify molecular markers that may predict prognosis and progression or that could identify new therapeutic approaches.

Secondary

- To compare gene expression profiles, in terms of response to treatment, and attempt to isolate subgroups of patients with objective response to certain types of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Biological samples are collected from patients at time of surgery for diagnostic and/or treatment purposes.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacogenomic studies

Location

CHU Montpellier
Montpellier
France
34295

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:44-0400

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The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.

A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.

Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.

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