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This research is being done to see if giving a hormone called GLP-1 can improve heart function and reduce length of stay in the Cardiac Surgical Intensive Care Unit (CSICU) in people who have non-emergent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
After CABG surgery, a condition known as hyperglycemia or high blood sugar often occurs even in patients who have never been diagnosed with diabetes. This high blood sugar can lead to complications after surgery such as infections at the site of the incision. Additionally, if there is any cardiac muscle injury either prior to or during surgery, the injured cardiac muscle can not use glucose (the body's fuel and energy source) as well as it did prior to the injury. This reduced ability to use glucose slows the cardiac muscles ability to repair itself and provide the normal pumping force and function needed to circulate the blood throughout the body. This inability to repair itself and/or provide the normal pumping force and function can make it difficult for the patient as well as increase the length of stay required in the CSICU.
GLP-1 has the ability to lower blood sugar and help cells use glucose for fuel and energy but when the blood sugar becomes low its glucose lowering ability decreases. In this study, we want to see we want to see if GLP-1 may help keep the blood sugar within normal limits and reduce or eliminate the need for insulin. We will also see whether it will help the heart recover more quickly.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Placebo, GLP-1 (7-36) amide
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Johns Hopkins University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:45-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine the dose of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin(9-39) which blocks the insulinotropic action of synthetic GLP-1 by at least 95%.
Background: The presence of a mild to moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) results in a significantly reduced long-term survival and increased hospitalizations for heart-failure. ...
Subjects will be consented to the study prior to Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) and randomly assigned to receive either ticagrelor 90 mg bid or placebo bid starting within 48 hours of...
MICS CABG (Minimally invasive coronary surgery), where coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is completed through a small incision over the left chest, has evolved to become a safe and le...
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Although placebo analgesia is a well-recognized phenomenon with important clinical implications, the possibility that placebo effects occur during sleep has received little attention. This experimenta...
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Recent evidence indicates that placebo effects can occur even when patients know that they are taking a placebo, termed the open-label placebo effect.
Enzymes that catalyze the joining of either ammonia or an amide with another molecule, in which the linkage is in the form of a carbon-nitrogen bond. EC 6.3.1.
The octapeptide amide of bovine angiotensin II used to increase blood pressure by vasoconstriction.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Any aromatic amide obtained by acylation of aniline.
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Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...