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The Comparison of Oxidative Stress Between Inhalation Anesthetics

2014-08-27 03:19:49 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Oxidative stress is an unavoidable event during cardiac surgery. Isoprostanes have been demonstrated to be a reliable biomarker for the evaluation of oxidative stress in vivo.The aims of this study are(1)to develop an accurate liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry methods for the detection of urinary isoprostane isomers in samples collected from healthy volunteers(for method quality control) and patients receiving a cardiac surgery (2)to investigate the change of isoprostanes after cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) (3)to investigate the effect of different anesthetics on isoprostanes.

Description

Enhanced production of oxygen free radicals can lead to the generation of oxidative stress, which is harmful to human tissue and organs. Reactive oxygen species are released abruptly during some surgical procedures, and they are the major causes of ischemia-reperfusion injuries.Isoprostanes have been demonstrated to be a reliable biomarker for the evaluation of oxidative stress in vivo. Therefore, accurately monitoring and avoiding the occurrence of oxidative stress during surgery is an important clinical issue.

Isoprostanes are a series of prostaglandin-like compounds produced by non-enzymatic peroxidation of arachidonic acid.The aims of this study are(1)to develop an accurate liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry methods for the detection of urinary isoprostane isomers in samples collected from patients receiving a cardiac surgery (2)to investigate the change of isoprostanes after cardiopulmonary bypass (3)to investigate the effect of different anesthetics on isoprostanes during surgery.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Oxidative Stress

Location

Dept. of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Taipei
Taiwan
105

Status

Completed

Source

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:49-0400

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A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).

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