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Clinical data demonstrate that a cocaine vaccine (TA-CD: Celtic Pharmaceutical) produces selective anti-cocaine antibodies, yet the impact of these antibodies on cocaine's direct effects is unknown. The objective of this human laboratory study was to measure the relationship between antibody titers and the effects of smoked cocaine on ratings of intoxication, craving and cardiovascular effects.
Cocaine-dependent volunteers not seeking drug treatment spend 2 nights per week for 13 weeks inpatient where the effects of cocaine (0, 25, 50 mg) are determined prior to vaccination and at weekly intervals thereafter. Vaccinations occur at weeks 1, 3, 5 and 9.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
Active, not recruiting
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:49-0400
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The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.
Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon morphine.
Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.
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