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GE Healthcare VolumeRAD Lung Nodule Detection Study

2014-08-27 03:19:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To perform a multiple reader, multiple case (MRMC) observer study assessing the detection performance of VolumeRAD tomosynthesis of the chest in detecting lung nodules.

Description

Digital tomosynthesis is a form of limited angle tomography that creates a series of section images using a conventional x-ray tube and generator, a digital detector, and appropriate reconstruction software. It creates section images from a series of projection images acquired as the x-ray tube moves along a prescribed path. Because tomosynthesis can minimize the visual presence of overlying anatomy - the ribs, for example - it has the potential to improve the detection of lesions such as pulmonary nodules when compared with conventional chest radiography.

The primary aim of this study is to determine whether the use of VolumeRAD tomosynthesis, in addition to CxR, increases physician accuracy in the detection of lung nodules between 3mm and 20mm in diameter when compared to conventional posterior-anterior (PA) and lateral (LAT) chest radiography (CxR). This aim will be addressed by measuring free-response performance of experienced (with VolumeRAD), blinded expert readers' detection performance. Specifically, we will compare detection performance, as measured by the area under the alternative free response receiver operating characteristic (AFROC) curve, among readers viewing PA and LAT chest X-rays versus VolumeRAD tomosynthesis. The nodule will be the unit of analysis.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Pulmonary Nodule, Solitary

Intervention

Chest tomosynthesis and X-ray

Location

University of Michigan
Ann Arbor
Michigan
United States
48103

Status

Recruiting

Source

American College of Radiology - Image Metrix

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:51-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.

Respiratory syndrome characterized by the appearance of a new pulmonary infiltrate on chest x-ray, accompanied by symptoms of fever, cough, chest pain, tachypnea, or DYSPNEA, often seen in patients with SICKLE CELL ANEMIA. Multiple factors (e.g., infection, and pulmonary FAT EMBOLISM) may contribute to the development of the syndrome.

Narrowing below the PULMONARY VALVE or well below it in the infundibuluar chamber where the pulmonary artery originates, usually caused by a defective VENTRICULAR SEPTUM or presence of fibrous tissues. It is characterized by restricted blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the PULMONARY ARTERY, exertional fatigue, DYSPNEA, and chest discomfort.

An anomalous pulmonary venous return in which the right PULMONARY VEIN is not connected to the LEFT ATRIUM but to the INFERIOR VENA CAVA. Scimitar syndrome is named for the crescent- or Turkish sword-like shadow in the chest radiography and is often associated with hypoplasia of the right lung and right pulmonary artery, and dextroposition of the heart.

A small round or oval, mostly subcutaneous nodule made up chiefly of a mass of Aschoff bodies and seen in cases of rheumatic fever. It is differentiated from the RHEUMATOID NODULE which appears in rheumatoid arthritis, most frequently over bony prominences. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

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